Alabama Facts

Alabama Location In The US Alabama State Map

This page contains a wealth of information on the state of Alabama. Please click on the type of the fact that you are interested in:

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation AL
State Capital Montgomery
State Size Total (Land + Water): 52,419 sq miles; Land Only: 50,744 sq miles
Number of Counties 67
Time Zone Central Time Zone
Bordering States Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee
Highest PointCheaha Mountain, 2,413 feet
National ParksNone
State Population (2015)4,858,979
State Population Density95.8 people / square mile
Area Codes 205, 251, 256, 334, 659, 938
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Birmingham (212,237)
Montgomery (205,764)
Mobile (195,111)
Huntsville (180,105)
Tuscaloosa (90,468)

Government & Legislature

Statehood December 14, 1819
Electoral Votes9
State Flag Alabama State Flag
GovernorOfficial Alabama Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From Alabama
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From Alabama
State SenatorsList of Alabama State Senators
State RepresentativesList of Alabama State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionAlabama State Constitution
Road ConditionsAlabama Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date March 17, 2003

State Symbols

State Amphibian Red hills salamander
State Bird Yellowhammer
State Crustacean Brown shrimp
State Flower Camellia
State Fossil Basilosaurus cetoides
State Fresh Water Fish Largemouth bass
State Fruit Blackberry
State Game Bird Wild turkey
State Gemstone Star blue quartz
State Horse Rocking horse
State Insect Monarch butterfly
State Mammal Black bear
State Mineral Hematite (red iron ore)
State Motto Audemus jura nostra defendere (We dare defend our rights)
State Nickname Yellowhammer State
State Nut Pecan
State Quilt Pine burr quilt
State Reptile Alabama red-bellied turtle
State Rock Marble
State Salt Water Fish (Fighting) tarpon
State Shell Scaphella junonia johnstoneae
State Soil Bama soil series
State Spirit Conecuh ridge Alabama fine whiskey
State Tree Longleaf pine
State Tree Fruit Peach
State Wildflower Oak-leaf hydrangea

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams None
NCAA Division I Schools University of Alabama (SEC)
Alabama A&M University (Southwestern Athletic)
University of Alabama at Birmingham (Conference USA)
Alabama State University (Southwestern Athletic)
Auburn University (SEC)
Jacksonville State University (Ohio Valley)
Samford University (Southern)
University of South Alabama (Sun Belt)
Troy University (Sun Belt)


State Gas Tax$0.2087 / Gallon
State Cigarette Tax$0.675 / Pack

Popular Tourist Attractions

Famous People Born In Alabama

Nobel Prize Winners

  • Frederick C. Robbins (Physiology or Medicine, 1954)

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Bart Starr (Quarterback. Inducted in 1977)
  • Buck Buchanan (Defensive Tackle. Inducted in 1990)
  • Ozzie Newsome (Tight End. Inducted in 1999)
  • John Stallworth (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 2002)
  • Andre Tippett (Linebacker. Inducted in 2008)
  • Walter Jones (Offensive Tackle. Inducted in 2014)
  • Ken Stabler (Quarterback. Inducted in 2016)

Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Heinie Manush (Left Fielder. Inducted in 1964)
  • Satchel Paige (Pitcher. Inducted in 1971)
  • Early Wynn (Pitcher. Inducted in 1972)
  • Monte Irvin (Left Fielder. Inducted in 1973)
  • Joe Sewell (Shortstop. Inducted in 1977)
  • Willie Mays (Center Fielder. Inducted in 1979)
  • Hank Aaron (Right Fielder. Inducted in 1982)
  • Willie McCovey (First Baseman. Inducted in 1986)
  • Billy Williams (Left Fielder. Inducted in 1987)
  • Don Sutton (Pitcher. Inducted in 1998)
  • Ozzie Smith (Shortstop. Inducted in 2002)
  • Mule Suttles (First Baseman. Inducted in 2006)

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Charles Barkley (Forward. Inducted in 2006)
  • William Gates (Forward. Inducted in 1989)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Louise Fletcher
  • Octavia Spencer
  • Channing Tatum

Famous Singers

  • Nat King Cole
  • Lionel Richie
  • Candi Staton

Alabama Fun Facts

  • Birmingham is home to Vulcan, the world's largest cast iron statue. It is made of 100,000 pounds of iron and is 56 feet tall.
  • Alabama is the only state with a State Quilt: Pine Burr Quilt.
  • The Unclaimed Baggage Center is located in Scottsboro. The inventory of this store are the lost luggages from airlines.
  • The Saturn boosters, which were the rockets to put humans on the moon, were built in NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center in Huntsville. Huntsville is known as "The Rocket City." Some call it the "Rocket Capital of the World."
  • On February 16, 1968, the first 911 call in the United States was made in Haleyville, Alabama.
  • In Magnolia Springs, Alabama, mail is delivered by boat. This is the only city in the United States with all-water mail routes.
  • Alabama is the only state to have an alcoholic beverage as its official drink.
  • In 1703, Mobile became the first city in the American Continent to celebrate Mardi Gras, 15 years before New Orleans did so.
  • In 1886, the world's first Electric Trolley System was introduced in Montgomery.
  • In 1836 Alabama became the first state in the United States to declare Christmas a legal holiday.

This page was last updated on October 20, 2016.

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