Colorado Facts

Colorado Location In The US Colorado State Map

This page contains a wealth of information on the state of Colorado. Please click on the type of the fact that you are interested in:

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation CO
State Capital Denver
State Size Total (Land + Water): 104,094 sq miles; Land Only: 103,718 sq miles
Number of Counties 63
Time Zone Mountain Time Zone
Bordering States Arizona, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah, Wyoming
Highest PointMount Elber, 14,440 feet
National ParksBlack Canyon of the Gunnison National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve
Mesa Verde National Park
Rocky Mountain National Park
State Population (2015)5,456,574
State Population Density52.6 people / square mile
Area Codes 303,719,720,970
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Denver (600,158)
Colorado Springs (416,427)
Aurora (325,078)
Fort Collins (143,986)
Lakewood (142,980)

Government & Legislature

Statehood August 1, 1876
Electoral Votes9
State Flag Colorado State Flag
GovernorOfficial Colorado Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From Colorado
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From Colorado
State SenatorsList of Colorado State Senators
State RepresentativesList of Colorado State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionColorado State Constitution
Road ConditionsColorado Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date June 14, 2006

State Symbols

State AmphibianWestern tiger salamander
State AnimalRocky mountain bighorn sheep
State Bird Lark bunting
State CactusClaret cup cactus
State FishGreenback cutthroat trout
State Flower Rocky Mountain columbine
State Folk DanceSquare dance
State FossilStegosaurus
State GemstoneAquamarine
State GrassBlue grama grass
State InsectColorado hairstreak butterfly
State MineralRhodochrosite
State Motto Nil sine numine (Nothing without the Deity)
State Nickname Centennial State
State PetDogs and cats that are adopted from Colorado animal shelters and rescues
State ReptileWestern painted turtle
State RockYule marble
State SportPack burro racing
State Tree Colorado blue spruce

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams MLB: Colorado Rockies
NFL: Denver Broncos
NBA: Denver Nuggets
NHL: Colorado Avalanche
NCAA Division I Schools University of Colorado Boulder (Pac-12)
Colorado State University (Mountain West)
University of Denver (The Summit League)
University of Northern Colorado (Big Sky)
United States Air Force Academy (Air Force) (Mountain West)


State Gas Tax$0.2200 / Gallon
State Cigarette Tax$0.84 / Pack

Popular Tourist Attractions

Famous People Born In Colorado

Nobel Prize Winners

  • Edward Tatum (Physiology or Medicine, 1958)
  • Willard F. Libby (Chemistry, 1960)
  • John L. Hall (Physics, 2005)

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Dutch Clark (Quarterback. Inducted in 1963)

Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Rich Gossage (Pitcher. Inducted in 2008)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Tim Allen
  • AnnaSophia Robb
  • Kristen Schaal

Colorado Fun Facts

  • The word 'Colorado' means 'colored' or 'colored red' in Spanish. The Colorado state was named after the Colorado River, which Spanish explorers named 'Río Colorado' (meaning 'colored river') for the red silt the river carried from the mountains.
  • Colorado is one of the states that form the Four Corners, the only location in the United States where four states intersect at one point. The other three states are Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah.
  • Colfax Avenue in Denver is the longest continuous street in America
  • The world's first rodeo was held on July 4th, 1869 in Deer Trail.
  • Colorado has the highest paved road in North America. The road to Mt. Evans climbs to 14,258 ft. above sea level.
  • Denver is nicknamed "The Mile High City" because its official elevation is exactly one mile (5,280 feet) above sea level.
  • The 13th step of the state capital building in Denver is exactly 1 mile high above sea level
  • Dove Creek is the pinto bean capital of the world.
  • The Pike's Peak Cog Railway in Manitou Springs is the highest railway in the United States, with a peak elevation of 14,111 feet above sea level.
  • Colorado is the only state with an official State Cactus: Claret cup cactus.
  • Royal Gorge Bridge in Caňon City, Colorado, is the highest bridge in the United States at 955 feet.
  • In 2012, Colorado (along with Washington) became the first to legalize marijuana (weed) for recreational use.
  • In Colorado, it is unlawful to mutilate a rock in a state park.

This page was last updated on October 20, 2016.

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