Connecticut Facts

Connecticut Location In The US Connecticut State Map

This page contains a wealth of information on the state of Connecticut. Please click on the type of the fact that you are interested in:

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation CT
State Capital Hartford
State Size Total (Land + Water): 5,543 sq miles; Land Only: 4,845 sq miles
Number of Counties 8
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Massachusetts, New York, Rhode Island
Highest PointSouth side of Mount Frissell, 2,379 feet
National ParksNone
State Population (2015)3,590,886
State Population Density741.2 people / square mile
Area Codes 203, 475, 860, 959
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Bridgeport (144,229)
New Haven (129,779)
Hartford (124,775)
Stamford (122,643)
Waterbury (110,366)

Government & Legislature

Statehood Jan. 9, 1788
Electoral Votes7
State Flag Connecticut State Flag
GovernorOfficial Connecticut Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From Connecticut
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From Connecticut
State SenatorsList of Connecticut State Senators
State RepresentativesList of Connecticut State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionConnecticut State Constitution
Road ConditionsConnecticut Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date October 12, 1999

State Symbols

State AnimalSperm whale
State Bird Robin
State ComposerCharles Edward Ives
State Flower Mountain laurel
State Folk DanceSquare dance
State FossilEubrontes giganteus
State HeroNathan Hale
State HeroinePrudence Crandall
State InsectEuropean mantis
State MineralGarnet
State Motto Qui transtulit sustinet (He who transplanted sustains)
State Nickname Constitution State
State Poet LaureateRennie McQuilkin
State ShellfishEastern oyster
State ShipUSS Nautilus
State Tree White oak
State TroubadourKristen Graves

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams None
NCAA Division I Schools Central Connecticut State University (Northeast)
University of Connecticut (American Athletic)
Fairfield University (Metro Atlantic Athletic)
University of Hartford (America East)
Quinnipiac University (Metro Atlantic Athletic)
Sacred Heart University (Northeast)
Yale University (Ivy)


State Gas Tax$0.3786 / Gallon
State Cigarette Tax$3.65 / Pack

Popular Tourist Attractions

Famous People Born In Connecticut

Nobel Prize Winners

  • Edward C. Kendall (Physiology or Medicine, 1950)
  • John F. Enders (Physiology or Medicine, 1954)
  • John H. van Vleck (Physics, 1977)
  • Roger W. Sperry (Physiology or Medicine, 1981)
  • Barbara McClintock (Physiology or Medicine, 1983)
  • Alfred G. Gilman (Physiology or Medicine, 1994)
  • George A. Akerlof (Economic Sciences, 2001)
  • Craig C. Mello (Physiology or Medicine, 2006)

United States Presidents

  • George W. Bush (43rd President)

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Ken Strong (Halfback, Kicker. Inducted in 1967)
  • Andy Robustelli (Defensive End. Inducted in 1971)
  • Floyd Little (Running Back. Inducted in 2010)

Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Jim O'Rourke (Left Fielder. Inducted in 1945)
  • Roger Connor (First Baseman. Inducted in 1976)

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Calvin Murphy (Guard. Inducted in 1993)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Ernest Borgnine
  • Katharine Hepburn
  • Seth MacFarlane
  • John Ratzenberger

Famous Singers

  • Michael Bolton
  • Karen Carpenter
  • Tony Scherr

Connecticut Fun Facts

  • The State of Connecticut is named after the River Connecticut, the largest river in New England. The word 'Connecticut' is derived from 'Quonehtacut', a Mohegan Indian word for "long tidal river."
  • The first telephone book was published in New Haven on February 21, 1878. It consisted of a single piece of cardboard and included 50 names.
  • Mary Dixon Kies of South Killingly was the first woman to receive a U.S. patent. She did so on May 5th, 1809, for a method of weaving straw with silk and thread to make hats.
  • The Hartford Courant, based in Connecticut, is the oldest U.S. newspaper still being published. It started published as a weekly on October 29, 1764.
  • The first automobile law was passed by the state of CT on May 21, 1901. The speed limit was set at 12 miles per hour in cities and 15 miles per hour on country roads.
  • First Ph.D. Degree in the United States was awarded by the Yale University in 1861 to Eugene Schuyler, Arthur Williams Wright, and James Morris Whiton.
  • In Connecticut, it's illegal to keep town records where liquor is sold.
  • In 1908, George Smith put candy on a stick and thus invented the lollipop. It is named after a famous racehorse at the time called Lolly Pop. He trademarked the term under the Bradley Smith Company of New Haven in 1931.
  • In 1889, the first public pay phone in the United States was installed by William Gray in Hartford.
  • Connecticut is the only state with an official State Composer (Charles Edward Ives), State Hero (Nathan Hale), and State Heroine (Prudence Crandall).

This page was last updated on October 20, 2016.

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