Georgia Facts



Georgia Location In The US Georgia State Map

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation GA
State Capital Atlanta
State Size Total (Land + Water): 59,425 sq miles; Land Only: 57,906 sq miles
Number of Counties 159
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Alabama, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee
Highest PointBrasstown Bald, 4,784 feet
National ParksNone
State Population (2015)10,214,860
State Population Density176.4 people / square mile
Area Codes 229, 404, 470, 478, 678, 706, 762, 770, 912
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Atlanta (420,003)
Augusta (195,844)
Columbus (189,885)
Savannah (136,286)
Athens (115,452)

Government & Legislature

Statehood Jan. 2, 1788
Electoral Votes16
State Flag Georgia State Flag
GovernorOfficial Georgia Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From Georgia
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From Georgia
State SenatorsList of Georgia State Senators
State RepresentativesList of Georgia State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionGeorgia State Constitution
Road ConditionsGeorgia Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date July 19, 1999

State Symbols

State AmphibianGreen tree frog
State Bird Brown thrasher
State CropPeanut
State FishLargemouth bass
State Flower Cherokee rose
State FruitPeach
State InsectHoneybee
State Marine MammalRight whale
State MineralStaurolite
State Motto Wisdom, justice, and moderation
State Nickname Peach State; Empire State of the South
State ReptileGopher tortoise
State Tree Live oak
State VegetableVidalia onion

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams MLB: Atlanta Braves
NFL: Atlanta Falcons
NBA: Atlanta Hawks
NCAA Division I Schools University of Georgia (SEC)
Georgia Institute of Technology (ACC)
Georgia Southern University (Sun Belt)
Georgia State University (Sun Belt)
Kennesaw State University (Atlantic Sun)
Mercer University (Southern)
Savannah State University (Mid-Eastern Athletic)

Taxes

State Gas Tax$0.3102 / Gallon
State Cigarette Tax$0.37 / Pack

Points of Interest

Famous People Born In Georgia

Nobel Prize Winners

  • Martin Luther King Jr. (Peace, 1964)
  • Jimmy Carter (Peace, 2002)

United States Presidents

  • Jimmy Carter (39th President)

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Marion Motley (Fullback. Inducted in 1968)
  • Jim Brown (Fullback. Inducted in 1971)
  • Jim Parker (Offensive Guard, Offensive Tackle. Inducted in 1972)
  • Mel Blount (Cornerback. Inducted in 1989)
  • John Hannah (Guard. Inducted in 1991)
  • Larry Little (Guard. Inducted in 1993)
  • Rayfield Wright (Offensive Tackle. Inducted in 2006)
  • Richard Dent (Defensive End. Inducted in 2011)
  • Ray Guy (Punter. Inducted in 2014)

Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Ty Cobb (Center Fielder. Inducted in 1936)
  • Bill Terry (First Baseman. Inducted in 1954)
  • Jackie Robinson (Second Baseman. Inducted in 1962)
  • Josh Gibson (Catcher. Inducted in 1972)
  • Johnny Mize (First Baseman. Inducted in 1981)
  • Frank Thomas (First Baseman. Inducted in 2014)

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Teresa Edwards (Guard. Inducted in 2011)
  • Walt Frazier (Guard. Inducted in 1987)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Holly Hunter
  • Julia Roberts
  • Joanne Woodward

Famous Singers

  • Ray Charles
  • Amy Grant
  • Alan Jackson
  • Jennifer Paige
  • Otis Redding
  • Kanye West

Georgia Fun Facts

  • Georgia was named for King George II of England.
  • Georgia was founded in 1732 by British Member of Parliament James Oglethorpe. Oglethorpe's original intention was to use the colony as a place for debt-ridden people to get a fresh start.
  • Georgia is the largest state east of the Mississippi River.
  • Georgia has seven official natural wonders: Amicalola Falls, the Okefenokee Swamp, Providence Canyon, Radium Springs, Stone Mountain, Tallulah Gorge, and Warm Springs.
  • Coca-Cola was invented in May 1886 by John Pemberton in Atlanta, Georgia.
  • The popular theme park - Six Flags Over Georgia, was actually named for six flags that flew over the lands that comprise of present-day Georgia. The six flags are that of England, Spain, France, Confederate States of America, United States, and Georgia.
  • In Georgia, it's illegal to live on a boat for more than 30 days during a calendar year.
  • Wesleyan College in Macon was the first college in the world established as a full college for women. It started in 1836 as Georgia Female College.
  • Georgia is the only state with an official State Crop, peanut.
  • The Hatsfield Jackson Atlanta International Airport is the world's busiest airport in terms of number of passengers served.

This page was last updated on September 25, 2016.




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