Indiana Facts

Indiana Location In The US Indiana State Map

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation IN
State Capital Indianapolis
State Size Total (Land + Water): 36,418 sq miles; Land Only: 35,867 sq miles
Number of Counties 92
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone, Central Time Zone
Bordering States Illinois, Kentucky, Michigan, Ohio
Highest PointHoosier Hill, 1,257 feet
National ParksNone
State Population (2015)6,619,680
State Population Density184.6 people / square mile
Area Codes 219, 260, 317, 574, 765, 812
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Indianapolis (820,445)
Fort Wayne (253,691)
Evansville (117,429)
South Bend (101,168)
Hammond (80,830)

Government & Legislature

Statehood December 11, 1816
Electoral Votes11
State Flag Indiana State Flag
GovernorOfficial Indiana Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From Indiana
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From Indiana
State SenatorsList of Indiana State Senators
State RepresentativesList of Indiana State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionIndiana State Constitution
Road ConditionsIndiana Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date August 2, 2002

State Symbols

State Bird Cardinal
State Flower Peony
State Motto The Crossroads of America
State Nickname Hoosier State
State PieSugar cream pie
State RiverWabash river
State StoneSalem limestone
State Tree Tulip tree

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams NFL: Indianapolis Colts
NBA: Indiana Pacers
NCAA Division I Schools Ball State University (Mid-American)
Butler University (Big East)
University of Evansville (Missouri Valley)
Indiana University (Big Ten)
Indiana State University (Missouri Valley)
Indiana University – Purdue University Fort Wayne (The Summit League)
Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis (The Summit League)
University of Notre Dame (ACC)
Purdue University (Big Ten)
Valparaiso University (Horizon)


State Gas Tax$0.3073 / Gallon
State Cigarette Tax$0.995 / Pack

Indiana Fun Facts

  • The state of Indiana was named after the Native Americans. Indiana means "Indian Land."
  • The first long-distance auto race in the U. S. was held May 30, 1911, at the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. 
  • Indianapolis Motor Speedway, with a permanent seating capacity of 235,000, is the highest-capacity sports venue in the world.
  • The first professional baseball game was played in Fort Wayne on May 4, 1871. Fort Wayne Kekiongas beat Cleveland Forest Cities, 2-0.
  • Indiana is the first state to have a chapel inside the state capitol, built in memory of former first lady Beth Bowen.
  • Wabash, Indiana was the first electrically lighted city in the world.
  • Santa Claus, Indiana, receives hundreds of thousands of letters addressed to the Christmas legend every year—each of which is responded to individually.
  • In Indiana, it is illegal to catch a fish with dynamite, firearms, a crossbow or your bare hands.
  • Crawfordsville is the home of the only known working rotary jail in the United States. This jail was built in 1882 and served as the Montgomery County jail until 1973. It is now a museum.
  • In Fort Wayne, Syvanus F. Bower designed the world's first practical gasoline pump.

This page was last updated on August 21, 2016.

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