Louisiana Facts

Louisiana Location In The US Louisiana State Map

This page contains a wealth of information on the state of Louisiana. Please click on the type of the fact that you are interested in:

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation LA
State Capital Baton Rouge
State Size Total (Land + Water): 51,840 sq miles; Land Only: 43,562 sq miles
Number of Counties 64
Time Zone Central Time Zone
Bordering States Arkansas, Mississippi, Texas
Highest PointDriskill Mountain, 535 feet
National ParksNone
State Population (2015)4,670,724
State Population Density107.2 people / square mile
Area Codes 225, 318, 337, 504, 985
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) New Orleans (343,829)
Baton Rouge (229,493)
Shreveport (199,311)
Metairie (138,481)
Lafayette (120,623)

Government & Legislature

Statehood April 30, 1812
Electoral Votes8
State Flag Louisiana State Flag
GovernorOfficial Louisiana Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From Louisiana
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From Louisiana
State SenatorsList of Louisiana State Senators
State RepresentativesList of Louisiana State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionLouisiana State Constitution
Road ConditionsLouisiana Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date May 20, 2002

State Symbols

State Bird Eastern brown pelican
State CrustaceanCrawfish
State DogCatahoula leopard dog
State DrinkMilk
State Flower Magnolia
State Fresh Water FishWhite perch
State InsectHoneybee
State MammalBlack bear
State Motto Union, justice, confidence
State Nickname Pelican State
State ReptileAlligator
State Tree Bald cypress

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams NFL: New Orleans Saints
NBA: New Orleans Pelicans
NCAA Division I Schools Grambling State University (Southwestern Athletic)
University of Louisiana at Lafayette (Sun Belt)
University of Louisiana at Monroe (Sun Belt)
Louisiana State University (Southeastern)
Louisiana Tech University (Conference USA)
McNeese State University (Southland)
University of New Orleans (Southland)
Nicholls State University (Southland)
Northwestern State University (Southland)
Southeastern Louisiana University (Southland)
Southern University (Southwestern Athletic)
Tulane University (American Athletic)


State Gas Tax$0.2001 / Gallon
State Cigarette Tax$1.085 / Pack

Popular Tourist Attractions

Famous People Born In Louisiana

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Jim Taylor (Fullback. Inducted in 1976)
  • Willie Davis (Defensive End. Inducted in 1981)
  • John Henry Johnson (Fullback. Inducted in 1987)
  • Terry Bradshaw (Quarterback. Inducted in 1989)
  • Charlie Joiner (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 1996)
  • Fred Dean (Defensive End. Inducted in 2008)
  • Marshall Faulk (Running Back. Inducted in 2011)
  • Aeneas Williams (Cornerback, Safety. Inducted in 2014)

Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Mel Ott (Right Fielder. Inducted in 1951)
  • Bill Dickey (Catcher. Inducted in 1954)
  • Ted Lyons (Pitcher. Inducted in 1955)
  • Willard Brown (Center Fielder. Inducted in 2006)

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Clyde Drexler (Guard-Forward. Inducted in 2004)
  • Joe Dumars (Guard. Inducted in 2006)
  • Elvin Hayes (Center-Forward. Inducted in 1990)
  • Karl Malone (Forward. Inducted in 2010)
  • Robert Parish (Center. Inducted in 2003)
  • Bob Pettit (Center-Forward. Inducted in 1971)
  • Willis Reed (Forward. Inducted in 1982)
  • Bill Russell (Center. Inducted in 1975)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Ellen DeGeneres
  • Jared Leto
  • Tyler Perry
  • Reese Witherspoon

Famous Singers

  • Harry Connick Jr.
  • Lil Wayne
  • Hank Williams Jr.

Louisiana Fun Facts

  • Louisiana was named in honor of King Louis XIV of France.
  • Louisiana has the tallest state capitol building in the United States. It is 450 feet tall and has 34 stories.
  • Lake Pontchartrain Causeway in Louisiana is the longest continuous bridge over water in the world. It is 23.87 miles long and connects Metairie with Mandeville.
  • Breaux Bridge is known as the "Crawfish Capital of the World."
  • Rayne is known as the "Frog Capital of the World."
  • The Saint Charles streetcar line in New Orleans is one of only two mobile national monuments in the United States. San Francisco cable cars are the other.
  • The first documented Mardi Gras parade in New Orleans occurred in 1837. The first floats appeared 20 years later, in 1857.
  • The first opera performed in America was on May 22, 1796, in New Orleans.
  • Louisiana is the only state in the United States that follows the legal system established by Napoleon. The other 49 states follow English common law.
  • In Louisiana, staging a "fake" wrestling or boxing match is prohibited. The penalty is loss of license.
  • In 2007, Louisiana became the last state to ban cockfighting.

This page was last updated on October 20, 2016.

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