Maryland Facts

Maryland Location In The US Maryland State Map

This page contains a wealth of information on the state of Maryland. Please click on the type of the fact that you are interested in:

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation MD
State Capital Annapolis
State Size Total (Land + Water): 12,407 sq miles; Land Only: 9,774 sq miles
Number of Counties 23
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Delaware, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia
Highest PointHoye-Crest, 3,360 feet
National ParksNone
State Population (2015)6,006,401
State Population Density614.5 people / square mile
Area Codes 227, 240, 249, 280, 301, 410, 443, 667
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Baltimore (620,961)
Frederick (65,239)
Rockville (61,209)
Gaithersburg (59,933)
Bowie (54,727)

Government & Legislature

Statehood April 28, 1788
Electoral Votes10
State Flag Maryland State Flag
GovernorOfficial Maryland Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From Maryland
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From Maryland
State SenatorsList of Maryland State Senators
State RepresentativesList of Maryland State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionMaryland State Constitution
Road ConditionsMaryland Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date March 13, 2000

State Symbols

State Bird Baltimore Oriole
State BoatSkipjack
State CatCalico cat
State CrustaceanBlue crab
State DessertSmith Island cake
State DinosaurAstrodon johnstoni
State DogChesapeake Bay retriever
State DrinkMilk
State ExerciseWalking
State FishRockfish
State Flower Black-eyed susan
State Folk DanceSquare dance
State Fossil ShellEcphora gardnerae gardnerae (Wilson)
State GemPatuxent river stone
State HorseThoroughbred horse
State InsectBaltimore checkerspot butterfly
State Motto Fatti maschii, parole femine (Manly deeds, womanly words)
State Nickname Free State; Old Line State
State ReptileDiamondback terrapin
State SportJousting
State Team SportLacrosse
State Tree White oak

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams MLB: Baltimore Orioles
NFL: Baltimore Ravens, Washington Redskins
NCAA Division I Schools Coppin State University (Mid-Eastern Athletic)
Loyola University Maryland (Patriot)
University of Maryland, Baltimore County (America East)
University of Maryland, College Park (Big Ten)
University of Maryland Eastern Shore (Mid-Eastern Athletic)
Morgan State University (Mid-Eastern Athletic)
Mount St. Mary's University (Northeast)
Towson University (Colonial Athletic Association)
United States Naval Academy (Navy) (Navy)


State Gas Tax$0.3260 / Gallon
State Cigarette Tax$2.00 / Pack

Popular Tourist Attractions

Famous People Born In Maryland

Nobel Prize Winners

  • Peyton Rous (Physiology or Medicine, 1966)
  • Martin Rodbell (Physiology or Medicine, 1994)

Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Babe Ruth (Right Fielder. Inducted in 1936)
  • Lefty Grove (Pitcher. Inducted in 1947)
  • Jimmie Foxx (First Baseman. Inducted in 1951)
  • Frank Baker (Third Baseman. Inducted in 1955)
  • Judy Johnson (Third Baseman. Inducted in 1975)
  • Al Kaline (Right Fielder. Inducted in 1980)
  • Vic Willis (Pitcher. Inducted in 1995)
  • Cal Ripken, Jr. (Shortstop. Inducted in 2007)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Julie Bowen
  • Anna Faris
  • David Hasselhoff

Famous Singers

  • Toni Braxton
  • Julienne Irwin
  • Scott Weinrich

Maryland Fun Facts

  • The state of Maryland was named after Queen Henrietta Maria, who was the wife of England King Charles I.
  • The Court of Appeals of Maryland is the only court in the United States whose judges wear red robes.
  • The Maryland State House in Annapolis is the oldest state capitol still in continuous legislative use. It is also the only state house ever to have served as the nation's capitol, from 1783 to 1784.
  • Havre de Grace is known as the "Decoy Capital of the World." The city also hosts the Havre de Grace Decoy Museum.
  • Maryland gave up some of its land to form Washington D.C.
  • Maryland is commonly referred to as “America in Miniature” and sometimes “Little America” because it’s home to just about any type of nature feature, other than a desert.
  • Maryland was the first state to enact Workmen's Compensation laws in 1902.
  • The national anthem of the United States, The Star-Spangled Banner, was written by Francis Scott Key on September 13, 1814, after he witnessed the bombardment of Fort McHenry by the British during the Battle of Fort McHenry in the War of 1812.
  • Maryland is the only state in the United States with an official State Exercise: walking.
  • The longest escalator in the United States is in the Wheaton Station of the Washington Metro in Montgomery County, Maryland. It is 230 feet long.
  • In the city of Rockville, swearing on the road is a misdemeanor.

This page was last updated on October 20, 2016.

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