Maryland Facts

State Location Maryland Location In The US
State Abbreviation MD
Statehood April 28, 1788
State Capital Annapolis
State Size Total (Land + Water): 12,407 sq miles; Land Only: 9,774 sq miles
Number of Counties 23
State Population (2015)6,006,401
State Population Density614.5 people / square mile
Electoral Votes10
State Quarter Issue Date March 13, 2000
State Motto Fatti maschii, parole femine (Manly deeds, womanly words)
State Flower Black-eyed susan
State Tree White oak
State Bird Baltimore Oriole
Nickname Free State, Old Line State
State Flag Maryland State Flag
State Gas Tax$0.3260 / Gallon
State Cigarette Tax$2.00 / Pack
Area Codes 227, 240, 249, 280, 301, 410, 443, 667
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Baltimore (620,961)
Frederick (65,239)
Rockville (61,209)
Gaithersburg (59,933)
Bowie (54,727)
Major Sports Teams MLB: Baltimore Orioles
NFL: Baltimore Ravens, Washington Redskins

Maryland Fun Facts

  • The state of Maryland was named after Queen Henrietta Maria, who was the wife of England King Charles I.
  • The Court of Appeals of Maryland is the only court in the United States whose judges wear red robes.
  • The Maryland State House in Annapolis is the oldest state capitol still in continuous legislative use. It is also the only state house ever to have served as the nation's capitol, from 1783 to 1784.
  • Havre de Grace is known as the "Decoy Capital of the World." The city also hosts the Havre de Grace Decoy Museum.
  • Maryland gave up some of its land to form Washington D.C.
  • Maryland is commonly referred to as “America in Miniature” and sometimes “Little America” because it’s home to just about any type of nature feature, other than a desert.
  • Maryland was the first state to enact Workmen's Compensation laws in 1902.
  • The national anthem of the United States, The Star-Spangled Banner, was written by Francis Scott Key on September 13, 1814, after he witnessed the bombardment of Fort McHenry by the British during the Battle of Fort McHenry in the War of 1812.
  • Maryland is the only state in the United States with an official State Exercise: walking.
  • In the city of Rockville, swearing on the road is a misdemeanor.

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