Massachusetts Facts

Massachusetts Location In The US Massachusetts State Map

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation MA
State Capital Boston
State Size Total (Land + Water): 10,555 sq miles; Land Only: 7,840 sq miles
Number of Counties 14
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Connecticut, New Hampshire, New York, Rhode Island, Vermont
Highest PointMount Greylock, 3,489 feet
National ParksNone
State Population (2015)6,794,422
State Population Density866.6 people / square mile
Area Codes 339, 351, 413, 508, 617, 774, 781, 857, 978
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Boston (617,594)
Worcester (181,045)
Springfield (153,060)
Lowell (106,519)
Cambridge (105,162)

Government & Legislature

Statehood Feb. 6, 1788
Electoral Votes11
State Flag Massachusetts State Flag
GovernorOfficial Massachusetts Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From Massachusetts
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From Massachusetts
State SenatorsList of Massachusetts State Senators
State RepresentativesList of Massachusetts State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionMassachusetts State Constitution
Road ConditionsMassachusetts Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date January 3, 2000

State Symbols

State BeverageCranberry juice
State Bird Chickadee
State CatTabby cat
State CookieChocolate chip cookie
State DessertBoston cream pie
State DogBoston terrier
State FishCod
State Flower Mayflower
State Folk HeroJohnny Appleseed
State FossilDinosaur tracks
State HorseMorgan horse
State InsectLadybug
State Mottos Ense petit placidam sub libertate quietem (By the sword we seek peace, but peace only under liberty)
State MuffinCorn muffin
State Nickname Bay State; Old Colony State
State Tree American elm

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams MLB: Boston Red Sox
NFL: New England Patriots
NBA: Boston Celtics
NHL: Boston Bruins
NCAA Division I Schools Boston College (ACC)
Boston University (Patriot)
Harvard University (Ivy)
College of the Holy Cross (Patriot)
University of Massachusetts Amherst (Atlantic 10)
Northeastern University (Colonial Athletic Association)


State Gas Tax$0.2654 / Gallon
State Cigarette Tax$3.51 / Pack

Massachusetts Fun Facts

  • British colonist John Smith named Massachusetts for the Massachusett tribe. The name "Massachusetts" meant “near the great hill.”
  • The first lighthouse in the United States was built on Little Brewster Island in the Boston Harbor in 1716.
  • Basketball was invented in December 1891 by James Naismith in Springfield.
  • Volleyball was invented in 1895 by William Morgan in Holyoke. Volleyball was originally called "Mintonette."
  • Boston Common, established in 1634, is the first public park in the United States.
  • The Boston subway, which opened on September 1, 1897, is the first subway system in the United States.
  • Boston Public Library is the second largest public library in the United States. Harvard University Library, also in Boston, is the third largest library in the United States.
  • The first telephone call in history was made between inventor Alexander Graham Bell and his assistant, Thomas Watson, on March 10, 1876, in Boston. Bell spoke the words, “Mr. Watson, come here, I want to see you” and Watson heard it from the receiver in the next room.
  • Boston Latin School, founded in 1635, is the first public school in the United States. It is also the oldest existing school in the United States.
  • In 2003, Massachusetts became the first stage to legalize same-sex marriage.
  • In Massachusetts, it is illegal to give alcoholic beverages to a hospital patient, unless directed by a physician.
  • The first printed book in the United States was the Bay Psalm Book, first printed in 1640 in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

This page was last updated on August 21, 2016.

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