Montana Facts



State Location Montana Location In The US
State Abbreviation MT
Statehood November 8, 1889
State Capital Helena
State Size Total (Land + Water): 147,042 sq miles; Land Only: 145,552 sq miles
Number of Counties 56
State Population (2015)1,032,949
State Population Density7.1 people / square mile
Electoral Votes3
State Quarter Issue Date January 29, 2007
State Motto Oro y plata (Gold and silver)
State Flower Bitterroot
State Tree Ponderosa pine
State Bird Western Meadowlark
Nickname Treasure State
State Flag Montana State Flag
State Gas Tax$0.2775 / Gallon
State Cigarette Tax$1.70 / Pack
Area Codes 406
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Billings (104,170)
Missoula (66,788)
Great Falls (58,505)
Bozeman (37,280)
Butte-Silver Bow (33,525)
Major Sports Teams None

Montana Fun Facts

  • Montana's name is derived from the Spanish word "montaña" meaning “mountainous."
  • Montana is the only state in the United States to share land border with three Canadian provinces: British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan.
  • Montana is home to the hydrological apex of North America on Triple Divide Peak. From this spot, water flows to three oceans: Hudson Bay (Arctic), Gulf of Mexico (Atlantic), and the Pacific Ocean.
  • Jeannette Rankin of Missoula, Montana, was the first woman elected to the United States Congress. On November 9, 1969, she was elected to the House of Representatives.
  • The coldest temperature on record for the contiguous United States was -70°F (-57°C) recorded on January 20, 1954, in Rogers Pass, Montana.
  • The largest snowflake ever observed was 15 inches wide. It was recorded at Fort Keogh, Montana, on January 28, 1887. 
  • The Montana city of Loma holds the world record for the greatest temperature change in 24 hours. On January 14-15, 1972, the temperature rose from -54°F to 49°F, a change of 103 °F.
  • Yellowstone National Park in southern Montana and northern Wyoming was the first national park in the United States.
  • In Montana, it is illegal ro pretend to abuse an animal in the presence of a minor.

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