New York Facts

New York Location In The US New York State Map

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation NY
State Capital Albany
State Size Total (Land + Water): 54,556 sq miles; Land Only: 47,214 sq miles
Number of Counties 62
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island (water border), Vermont
Highest PointMount Marcy, 5,343 feet
National ParksNone
State Population (2015)19,795,791
State Population Density419.3 people / square mile
Area Codes 212, 315, 347, 516, 518, 585, 607, 631, 646, 716, 718, 845, 914, 917
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) New York (8,175,133)
Buffalo (261,310)
Rochester (210,565)
Yonkers (195,976)
Syracuse (145,170)

Government & Legislature

Statehood July 26, 1788
Electoral Votes29
State Flag New York State Flag
GovernorOfficial New York Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From New York
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From New York
State SenatorsList of New York State Senators
State Assembly MembersList of New York State Assembly Members
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionNew York State Constitution
Road ConditionsNew York Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date January 2, 2001

State Symbols

State AnimalBeaver
State BeverageMilk
State Bird Bluebird
State BushLilac
State Flower Rose
State FossilEurypterus remipes
State Fresh Water FishBrook trout
State FruitApple
State GemGarnet
State InsectLadybug
State Marine or Saltwater FishStriped bass
State Motto Excelsior (Ever upward)
State MuffinApple muffin
State Nickname Empire State
State ShellBay scallop
State TurtleSnapping turtle
State Tree Sugar maple

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams MLB: New York Mets, New York Yankees
NFL: Buffalo Bills
NBA: New York Knicks, Brooklyn Nets
NHL: New York Islanders, New York Rangers, Buffalo Sabres
NCAA Division I Schools University at Albany, SUNY (America East)
Binghamton University (America East)
University at Buffalo (Mid-American)
Canisius College (Metro Atlantic Atheletic)
Colgate University (Patriot)
Columbia University (Ivy)
Cornell University (Ivy)
Fordham University (Atlantic 10)
Hofstra University (Colonial Athletic Association)
Iona College (Metro Atlantic Athletic)
Long Island University–Brooklyn (Northeast)
Manhattan College (Metro Atlantic Athletic)
Marist College (Metro Atlantic Athletic)
Niagara University (Metro Atlantic Athletic)
St. Bonaventure University (Atlantic 10)
St. Francis College (Northeast)
St. John's University (Big East)
Siena College (Metro Atlantic Athletic)
Stony Brook University (America East)
Syracuse University (ACC)
United States Military Academy (Army) (Patriot)
Wagner College (Northeast)


State Gas Tax$0.4232 / Gallon
State Cigarette Tax$4.35 / Pack

Famous People Born In New York

Nobel Prize Winners

  • Theodore Roosevelt (Peace, 1906)
  • Elihu Root (Peace, 1912)
  • Frank B. Kellogg (Peace, 1929)
  • Irving Langmuir (Chemistry, 1932)
  • Eugene O'Neill (Literature, 1936)
  • Carl D. Anderson (Physics, 1936)
  • John H. Northrop (Chemistry, 1946)
  • John R. Mott (Peace, 1946)
  • Hermann J. Muller (Physiology or Medicine, 1946)
  • Arthur Kornberg (Physiology or Medicine, 1959)
  • Robert Hofstadter (Physics, 1961)
  • Richard P. Feynman (Physics, 1965)
  • Julian Schwinger (Physics, 1965)
  • George Wald (Physiology or Medicine, 1967)
  • Marshall W. Nirenberg (Physiology or Medicine, 1968)
  • Murray Gell-Mann (Physics, 1969)
  • Julius Axelrod (Physiology or Medicine, 1970)
  • William H. Stein (Chemistry, 1972)
  • Kenneth J. Arrow (Economic Sciences, 1972)
  • Leon N. Cooper (Physics, 1972)
  • Gerald M. Edelman (Physiology or Medicine, 1972)
  • David Baltimore (Physiology or Medicine, 1975)
  • Milton Friedman (Economic Sciences, 1976)
  • Burton Richter (Physics, 1976)
  • Baruch S. Blumberg (Physiology or Medicine, 1976)
  • D. Carleton Gajdusek (Physiology or Medicine, 1976)
  • Rosalyn Yalow (Physiology or Medicine, 1977)
  • Hamilton O. Smith (Physiology or Medicine, 1978)
  • Sheldon Glashow (Physics, 1979)
  • Steven Weinberg (Physics, 1979)
  • Paul Berg (Chemistry, 1980)
  • Arthur L. Schawlow (Physics, 1981)
  • Herbert A. Hauptman (Chemistry, 1985)
  • Jerome Karle (Chemistry, 1985)
  • Michael S. Brown (Physiology or Medicine, 1985)
  • Stanley Cohen (Physiology or Medicine, 1986)
  • Robert M. Solow (Economic Sciences, 1987)
  • Leon M. Lederman (Physics, 1988)
  • Melvin Schwartz (Physics, 1988)
  • Gertrude B. Elion (Physiology or Medicine, 1988)
  • Harold E. Varmus (Physiology or Medicine, 1989)
  • Robert W. Fogel (Economic Sciences, 1993)
  • Russell A. Hulse (Physics, 1993)
  • Martin L. Perl (Physics, 1995)
  • David M. Lee (Physics, 1996)
  • Robert C. Merton (Economic Sciences, 1997)
  • Louis J. Ignarro (Physiology or Medicine, 1998)
  • Paul Greengard (Physiology or Medicine, 2000)
  • John B. Fenn (Chemistry, 2002)
  • Robert F. Engle III (Economic Sciences, 2003)
  • Irwin Rose (Chemistry, 2004)
  • Edward C. Prescott (Economic Sciences, 2004)
  • H. David Politzer (Physics, 2004)
  • Frank Wilczek (Physics, 2004)
  • Richard Axel (Physiology or Medicine, 2004)
  • Roy J. Glauber (Physics, 2005)
  • Eric S. Maskin (Economic Sciences, 2007)
  • Roger Y. Tsien (Chemistry, 2008)
  • Paul Krugman (Economic Sciences, 2008)
  • George E. Smith (Physics, 2009)
  • Peter A. Diamond (Economic Sciences, 2010)
  • Robert J. Lefkowitz (Chemistry, 2012)
  • Alvin E. Roth (Economic Sciences, 2012)
  • John O'Keefe (Physiology or Medicine, 2014)

United States Presidents

  • Martin Van Buren (8th President)
  • Millard Fillmore (13th President)
  • Theodore Roosevelt (26th President)
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt (32nd President)

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Tim Mara (Team Owner, Team Founder. Inducted in 1963)
  • Dan Fortmann (Offensive Lineman. Inducted in 1965)
  • Sid Luckman (Quarterback. Inducted in 1965)
  • Bob Waterfield (Quarterback. Inducted in 1965)
  • Dan Reeves (Team Owner. Inducted in 1967)
  • Art Donovan (Defensive Tackle. Inducted in 1968)
  • Vince Lombardi (Coach, General Manager. Inducted in 1971)
  • John Mackey (Tight End. Inducted in 1992)
  • Wellington Mara (Team Owner, Team Administrator. Inducted in 1997)
  • Art Monk (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 2008)
  • Bill Polian (General Manager, Team President. Inducted in 2015)
  • Kevin Greene (Linebacker. Inducted in 2016)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Anne Bancroft
  • Humphrey Bogart
  • Shirley Booth
  • Adrien Brody
  • James Cagney
  • Art Carney
  • Tom Cruise
  • Robert De Niro
  • Robert Downey, Jr.
  • Richard Dreyfuss
  • Jane Fonda
  • Anne Hathaway
  • Susan Hayward
  • Philip Seymour Hoffman
  • Judy Holliday
  • Scarlett Johansson
  • Burt Lancaster
  • Lee Marvin
  • Jack Nicholson
  • Al Pacino
  • Rhea Perlman
  • Adam Sandler
  • Susan Sarandon
  • Martin Scorsese
  • Melanie Sloan
  • Rod Steiger
  • Ben Stiller
  • Barbra Streisand
  • Jon Voight
  • Denzel Washington
  • Kristen Wiig

New York Fun Facts

  • New York was named by the British in honor of the Duke of York, who later became King James II of England.
  • New York City served as the capital of United States from January 11, 1785 to December 5, 1790.
  • The 641-mile long Governor Thomas E. Dewey Thruway is the longest toll road in the United States.
  • On April 25, 1901, New York became the first state to require license plates on automobiles.
  • Lake Placid, New York is the only American city to host Winter Olympics twice. It hosted the 1932 and the 1980 Winter Olympics.
  • New York City has more people than 39 of the 50 states in the United States.
  • One World Trade Center in New York City is the tallest building in the United States at 1,776 feet.
  • The first documented American chess tournament was held in New York in 1843.
  • The New York City Subway has the largest annual ridership of all subway systems in the United States. It is also the longest subway system in the United States.
  • The New York City Subway has 422 stations, making it the subway system with the most number of stations in the world.
  • The borough of Brooklyn would be the fourth largest city in the United States. Queens would also be the fourth largest nationally.
  • Through 2015, 64 Nobel Prize winners were born in the state of New York, the most among all states. New York City alone has produced 45 Nobel Prize winners.

This page was last updated on August 31, 2016.

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