Oregon Facts



Oregon Location In The US Oregon State Map

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation OR
State Capital Salem
State Size Total (Land + Water): 98,381 sq miles; Land Only: 95,997 sq miles
Number of Counties 36
Time Zone Pacific Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone
Bordering States California, Idaho, Nevada, Washington
Highest PointMount Hood, 11,249 feet
National ParksCrater Lake National Park
State Population (2015)4,028,977
State Population Density42.0 people / square mile
Area Codes 458, 503, 541, 971
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Portland (583,776)
Eugene (156,185)
Salem (154,637)
Gresham (105,594)
Hillsboro (91,611)

Government & Legislature

Statehood February 14, 1859
Electoral Votes7
State Flag Oregon State Flag
GovernorOfficial Oregon Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From Oregon
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From Oregon
State SenatorsList of Oregon State Senators
State RepresentativesList of Oregon State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionOregon State Constitution
Road ConditionsOregon Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date June 6, 2005

State Symbols

State AnimalAmerican beaver
State BeverageMilk
State Bird Western meadowlark
State CrustaceanDungeness crab
State DanceSquare dance
State FishChinook salmon
State Flower Oregon grape
State FossilMetasequoia (dawn redwood)
State FruitPear
State GemstoneOregon sunstone
State InsectOregon swallowtail
State Motto Alis volat propriis (She flies with her own wings)
State MushroomPacific golden chanterelle
State Nickname Beaver State
State PieHazelnut
State RockThunder-egg (geode)
State SeashellOregon hairy triton
State SoilJory soil
State Song"Oregon, My Oregon"
State Tree Douglas fir

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams NBA: Portland Trail Blazers
NCAA Division I Schools University of Oregon (Pac-12)
Oregon State University (Pac-12)
University of Portland (West Coast)
Portland State University (Big Sky)

Taxes

State Gas Tax$0.3110 / Gallon
State Cigarette Tax$1.32 / Pack

Oregon Fun Facts

  • The first known use of the name "Oregon" was by Major Robert Rogers in 1765. The origin of the name, though, is unclear. There are several competing theories, some proposing that it came from French, and some proposing that it came from a Native Indian language.
  • Crater Lake of Oregon is the deepest lake in the United States, with a maximum depth is 1,943 feet.
  • Humongous Fungus, a single specimen of Armillaria solidipes in Malheur National Forest in Oregon, has been growing for about 2,400 years, covering 3.4 square miles. It is one of the largest living organisms on earth.
  • Portlandís name was decided with a coin toss on whether to name the place after Portland, Maine, or Boston, Massachusetts.†In 1845 this controversy was settled with a coin toss which Francis Pettygrove, who was from Portland, Maine, won in a series of two out of three tosses, and the community was called "Portland." The coin used for this decision, now known as the Portland Penny, is on display in the headquarters of the Oregon Historical Society.
  • Boring is a town in Oregon. It was named after William H. Boring of Oregon. Boring, Oregon has a sister city in Scotland that named "Dull." Together these two towns celebrate "Boring and Dull Day" annually on August 9.
  • Oregon's state flag is the only state flag in the United States to have different designs on each side.
  • The passing of Ballot Measure 60 in 1998 made Oregon the first state in the United States to conduct all elections by mail.
  • In 1994, Oregon became the first state in the United States to legalize physician-assisted suicide.
  • At 7,993 feet deep, Hells Canyon in Oregon is the deepest river gorge in North America.
  • In Oregon, drivers must yield to pedestrians who are standing on the sidewalk.

This page was last updated on August 23, 2016.




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