Pennsylvania Facts

Pennsylvania Location In The US Pennsylvania State Map

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation PA
State Capital Harrisburg
State Size Total (Land + Water): 46,055 sq miles; Land Only: 44,817 sq miles
Number of Counties 67
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, West Virginia
Highest PointMount Davis, 3,213 feet
National ParksNone
State Population (2015)12,802,503
State Population Density285.7 people / square mile
Area Codes 215, 267, 272, 412, 445, 484, 570, 582, 610, 717, 724, 814, 835, 878
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Philadelphia (1,526,006)
Pittsburgh (305,704)
Allentown (118,032)
Erie (101,786)
Reading (88,082)

Government & Legislature

Statehood December 12, 1787
Electoral Votes20
State Flag Pennsylvania State Flag
GovernorOfficial Pennsylvania Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From Pennsylvania
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From Pennsylvania
State SenatorsList of Pennsylvania State Senators
State RepresentativesList of Pennsylvania State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionPennsylvania State Constitution
Road ConditionsPennsylvania Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date March 8, 1999

State Symbols

State AircraftPiper J-3 Cub
State AnimalWhite-tailed deer
State Beautification and Conservation PlantPenngift crownvetch
State BeverageMilk
State Bird Ruffed grouse
State DogGreat dane
State Electric LocomotiveGG1 4859
State FirearmPennsylvania long rifle
State FishBrook trout
State Flower Mountain laurel
State FossilPhacops rana
State Game BirdRuffed grouse
State InsectPennsylvania firefly
State Motto Virtue, Liberty, and Independence
State Nickname Keystone State
State ShipUS Brig Niagara
State Song"Pennsylvania"
State Steam LocomotiveK4s 1361 and K4s 3750
State Tree Hemlock

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams MLB: Philadelphia Phillies, Pittsburgh Pirates
NFL: Philadelphia Eagles, Pittsburgh Steelers
NBA: Philadelphia 76ers
NHL: Philadelphia Flyers, Pittsburgh Penguins
NCAA Division I Schools Bucknell University (Patriot)
Drexel University (Colonial Athletic Association)
Duquesne University (Atlantic 10)
La Salle University (Atlantic 10)
Lafayette College (Patriot)
Lehigh University (Patriot)
University of Pennsylvania (Ivy)
Pennsylvania State University (Big Ten)
University of Pittsburgh (ACC)
Robert Morris University (Northeast)
Saint Francis University (Northeast)
Saint Joseph's University (Atlantic 10)
Temple University (American Athletic)
Villanova University (Big East)


State Gas Tax$0.5030 / Gallon
State Cigarette Tax$2.60 / Pack

Pennsylvania Fun Facts

  • Pennsylvania is named after William Penn's father, Admiral William Penn. William Penn was granted the land by British King Charles II. The word "Sylvania" means "land that is full of trees."
  • Of the original Thirteen Colonies, Pennsylvania is the only state that does not border the Atlantic Ocean.
  • Gulf Refining Co. opened America's first gas station on Baum Blvd., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on December 1, 1913.
  • Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, is the Mushroom Capital of the World as mushroom farming in the region produces over a million pounds of mushrooms a week.
  • ENIAC, the world's first all-purpose computer, was built in the University of Pennsylvania and launched on February 15, 1946.
  • Every year, the Little League World Series is held in South Williamsport. Taiwan has won the most number of championships at 17.
  • The Moravian Book Shop in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, opened in 1745 and is the oldest continuously operating bookshop in the United States, quite possibly the world.
  • The Philadelphia Zoo was the first zoo in the United States.
  • Pennsylvania Hospital in Philadelphia, founded by Benjamin Franklin and Dr. Thomas Bond on May 11, 1751, is the first hospital in the United States. It is also home to America's first medical library.
  • The First stock exchange in the United States was founded in Philadelphia in 1790
  • The Wharton School of Business of the University of Pennsylvania, established in 1881, is the first business school in the United States.

This page was last updated on August 23, 2016.

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