Geography & Demographics
||Total (Land + Water): 77,117 sq miles; Land Only: 75,885 sq miles|
|Number of Counties
||Central Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone|
||Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Wyoming|
|Highest Point||Harney Peak, 7,244 feet|
|National Parks||Badlands National Park
Wind Cave National Park
|State Population (2015)||858,469|
|State Population Density||11.3 people / square mile|
|Top 5 Cities (2010 population)
Sioux Falls (153,888)
Rapid City (67,956)
Government & Legislature
|State Bread||Fry bread|
|State Colors||Blue and gold|
||American pasqueflower |
|State Gemstone||Fairburn agate|
|State Grass||Western wheat grass|
|State Jewelry||Black Hills gold|
|State Mineral Stone||Rose quartz|
||Under God the people rule|
|State Musical Instrument||Fiddle|
||Mount Rushmore State; Coyote State
|State Song||"Hail! South Dakota"|
||Black Hills spruce|
Famous People Born In South Dakota
Nobel Prize Winners
- Ernest Lawrence (Physics, 1939)
- Theodore W. Schultz (Economic Sciences, 1979)
Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members
- Norm Van Brocklin (Quarterback. Inducted in 1971)
South Dakota Fun Facts
- Dakota is the Sioux word for "friend" or "ally." The Dakota Territory was divided into South Dakota and North Dakota on November 2, 1889.
- The most famous point of interest in South Dakota is the Mount Rushmore National Memorial, located in Pennington County. It opened on October 31, 1941.
- South Dakota is the only state whose name does not share a single letter with that of its capital (Pierre).
- Jewel Cave in Custer County, South Dakota, is the second largest cave system in the United States, and third largest in the world. This cave system contains 181.89 miles of mapped passageways.
- The largest and best-preserved Tyrannosaurus Rex fossil in the world was discovered by Sue Hendrickson near Faith, South Dakota, in 1990. The fossil was named Sue in Sue Hendrickson’s honor.
- The geographical center of the United States is approximately 20 miles north of Belle Fourche, South Dakota.
- Mitchell, South Dakota, is the home of the world's only Corn Palace.
- South Dakota is the only state with an official State Jewelry: Black Hills gold.
- Lemmon, South Dakota, has the world's largest Petrified Wood Park.
This page was last updated on August 29, 2016.