Texas Facts



Texas Location In The US Texas State Map

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation TX
State Capital Austin
State Size Total (Land + Water): 268,581 sq miles; Land Only: 261,797 sq miles
Number of Counties 254
Time Zones Central Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone
Bordering States Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma
Highest PointGuadalupe Peak, 8,751 feet
National ParksBig Bend National Park
Guadalupe Mountains National Park
State Population (2015)27,469,114
State Population Density104.9 people / square mile
Area Codes 210, 214, 254, 281, 325, 361, 409, 430, 432, 469, 512, 682, 713, 737, 806, 817, 830, 903, 915, 936, 940, 956, 972, 979
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Houston (2,145,146)
San Antonio (1,359,758)
Dallas (1,223,229)
Austin (820,611)
Fort Worth (758,738)

Government & Legislature

Statehood December 29, 1845
Electoral Votes38
State Flag Texas State Flag
GovernorOfficial Texas Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From Texas
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From Texas
State SenatorsList of Texas State Senators
State RepresentativesList of Texas State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionTexas State Constitution
Road ConditionsTexas Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date June 1, 2004

State Symbols

State 10KTexas Round-Up 10K
State Air ForceCommemorative Air Force
State AmphibianTexas toad
State AquariumTexas State Aquarium
State Bird Mockingbird
State Bison HerdTexas state bison herd at Caprock Canyons State Park
State Bluebonnet CityEnnis
State Bluebonnet FestivalCappell Hill Bluebonnet Festival
State Bluebonnet TrailEnnis
State BreadPan de campo
State CobblerPeach cobbler
State Cooking ImplementCast iron Dutch oven
State CrustaceanTexas Gulf shrimp
State DinosaurPaluxysaurus jonesi
State DishChili
State Dog BreedBlue lacy
State Domino Game42
State Epic PoemLegend of Old Stone Ranch
State Fiber and FabricCotton
State FishGuadalupe bass
State Flower Bluebonnet
State Flower Song"Bluebonnets"
State Flying MammalMexican free-tailed bat
State Folk DanceSquare dance
State FootwearCowboy boot
State FruitTexas red grapefruit
State GemTexas blue topaz
State Gemstone CutLone star cut
State GrassSideoats grama
State HatCowboy hat
State Health NutPecan
State HorseAmerican quarter horse
State InsectMonarch butterfly
State Large MammalLonghorn
State Longhorn HerdFoundation Herd of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department
State Maritime MuseumTexas Maritime Museum
State Motto Friendship
State MusicWestern Swing
State Musical InstrumentGuitar
State Native PepperChiltepin
State Native ShrubTexas purple sage
Nickname Lone Star State
State PastrySopaipilla and strudel
State PepperJalapeno
State PiePecan pie
State PlantPrickly pear cactus
State Play"The Lone Star", "Texas", "Beyond The Sundown", "Fandangle"
State PollinatorWestern honey bee
State Precious MetalSilver
State ReptileTexas horned lizard
State Rodeo Drill TeamGhostriders
State Salt Water FishRed drum
State Sea TurtleKemp's ridley sea turtle
State ShellLightning whelk
State ShipU.S.S. Texas
State ShrubCrape myrtle
State Small MammalArmadillo
State SnackTortilla chips and salsa
State Song"Texas, Our Texas"
State SportRodeo
State SquashPumpkin
State StonePetrified palmwood
State Tall ShipElissa
State Tree Pecan
State VegetableSweet onion
State VehicleChuck wagon
State WaterlilyNymphaea Texas dawn

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams MLB: Houston Astros, Texas Rangers
NFL: Houston Texans, Dallas Cowboys
NBA: Houston Rockets, Dallas Mavericks, San Antonio Spurs
NHL: Dallas Stars
NCAA Division I Schools Baylor University (Big 12)
University of Houston (American Athletic)
Houston Baptist University (Southland)
Lamar University (Southland)
University of North Texas (Conference USA)
Prairie View A&M University (Southwestern Athletic)
Rice University (Conference USA)
Sam Houston State University (Southland)
Southern Methodist University (American Athletic)
Stephen F. Austin State University (Southland)
Texas A&M University (SEC)
Texas A&M University–Corpus Christi (Southland)
University of Texas at Arlington (Sun Belt)
University of Texas at Austin (Big 12)
Texas Christian University (Big 12)
University of Texas at El Paso (Conference USA)
University of Texas Rio Grande Valley (WAC)
University of Texas at San Antonio (Conference USA)
Texas Southern University (Southwestern Athletic)
Texas State University (Sun Belt)
Texas Tech University (Big 12)

Taxes

State Gas Tax$0.2000 / Gallon
State Cigarette Tax$1.41 / Pack

Famous People Born In Texas

Nobel Prize Winners

  • Robert Woodrow Wilson (Physics, 1978)
  • Bruce Merrifield (Chemistry, 1984)
  • E. Donnall Thomas (Physiology or Medicine, 1990)
  • Robert F. Curl Jr. (Chemistry, 1996)

United States Presidents

  • Dwight D. Eisenhower (34th President)
  • Lyndon B. Johnson (36th President)

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Sammy Baugh (Quarterback, Defensive Back, Punter. Inducted in 1963)
  • Bulldog Turner (Center, Linebacker. Inducted in 1966)
  • Bobby Layne (Quarterback, Kicker. Inducted in 1967)
  • Y. A. Tittle (Quarterback. Inducted in 1971)
  • Ollie Matson (Halfback. Inducted in 1972)
  • Raymond Berry (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 1973)
  • Tony Canadeo (Halfback. Inducted in 1974)
  • Dick "Night Train" Lane (Cornerback. Inducted in 1974)
  • Forrest Gregg (Offensive Tackle, Offensive Guard. Inducted in 1977)
  • Lance Alworth (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 1978)
  • Yale Lary (Safety, Punter, Returner. Inducted in 1979)
  • Bob Lilly (Defensive Tackle. Inducted in 1980)
  • Charley Taylor (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 1984)
  • Ken Houston (Safety. Inducted in 1986)
  • Doak Walker (Halfback, Kicker. Inducted in 1986)
  • Joe Greene (Defensive Tackle. Inducted in 1987)
  • Don Maynard (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 1987)
  • Gene Upshaw (Guard. Inducted in 1987)
  • Tom Landry (Coach. Inducted in 1990)
  • Earl Campbell (Running Back. Inducted in 1991)
  • Jimmy Johnson (Cornerback. Inducted in 1994)
  • Mel Renfro (Cornerback, Safety. Inducted in 1996)
  • Mike Haynes (Cornerback. Inducted in 1997)
  • Mike Singletary (Linebacker. Inducted in 1998)
  • Eric Dickerson (Running Back. Inducted in 1999)
  • Thurman Thomas (Running Back. Inducted in 2007)
  • Darrell Green (Cornerback. Inducted in 2008)
  • Emmitt Thomas (Cornerback. Inducted in 2008)
  • John Randle (Defensive Tackle. Inducted in 2010)
  • Michael Strahan (Defensive End. Inducted in 2014)
  • Tim Brown (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 2015)

Texas Fun Facts

  • The name Texas came from the Caddo Indian word tejas, meaning "friends" or "allies."
  • Texas has highest highway speed limit in the United States. A stretch of toll road between Austin and San Antonio permits drivers to go 85 miles per hour.
  • Texas produces more crude oil and natural gas than any other state in the United States.
  • Bracken Cave in Comal County, Texas, is the summer home to the largest colony of bats in the world. An estimated 20 million Mexican free-tailed bats roost in the cave from March to October every year.
  • Dr. Pepper was invented in Waco, Texas, by Charles Alderton in 1885.
  • Astrodome was first multi-purpose domed stadium in the world. It was built in Houston and opened in 1965.
  • The 567.31-foot San Jacinto Monument in Harris County, Texas, is world’s tallest war memorial. The star at the top of the monument weighs 220 tons.
  • The Tyler Municipal Rose Garden in Tyler, Texas, is the largest rose garden in the United States.
  • Texas was an independent nation from 1836 to 1845.
  • Texas is the only state with an official State Domino Game: 42.
  • On December 7, 1982, the first person executed by lethal injection occurred in Texas.

This page was last updated on August 29, 2016.




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