Geography & Demographics
||Total (Land + Water): 268,581 sq miles; Land Only: 261,797 sq miles|
|Number of Counties
||Central Time Zone, Mountain Time Zone|
||Arkansas, Louisiana, New Mexico, Oklahoma|
|Highest Point||Guadalupe Peak, 8,751 feet|
|National Parks||Big Bend National Park
Guadalupe Mountains National Park
|State Population (2015)||27,469,114|
|State Population Density||104.9 people / square mile|
||210, 214, 254, 281, 325, 361, 409, 430, 432, 469, 512, 682, 713, 737, 806, 817, 830, 903, 915, 936, 940, 956, 972, 979|
|Top 5 Cities (2010 population)
San Antonio (1,359,758)
Fort Worth (758,738)
Government & Legislature
|State 10K||Texas Round-Up 10K|
|State Air Force||Commemorative Air Force|
|State Amphibian||Texas toad|
|State Aquarium||Texas State Aquarium|
|State Bison Herd||Texas state bison herd at Caprock Canyons State Park|
|State Bluebonnet City||Ennis|
|State Bluebonnet Festival||Cappell Hill Bluebonnet Festival|
|State Bluebonnet Trail||Ennis|
|State Bread||Pan de campo|
|State Cobbler||Peach cobbler|
|State Cooking Implement||Cast iron Dutch oven|
|State Crustacean||Texas Gulf shrimp|
|State Dinosaur||Paluxysaurus jonesi|
|State Dog Breed||Blue lacy|
|State Domino Game||42|
|State Epic Poem||Legend of Old Stone Ranch|
|State Fiber and Fabric||Cotton|
|State Fish||Guadalupe bass|
|State Flower Song||"Bluebonnets"|
|State Flying Mammal||Mexican free-tailed bat|
|State Folk Dance||Square dance|
|State Footwear||Cowboy boot|
|State Fruit||Texas red grapefruit|
|State Gem||Texas blue topaz|
|State Gemstone Cut||Lone star cut|
|State Grass||Sideoats grama|
|State Hat||Cowboy hat|
|State Health Nut||Pecan|
|State Horse||American quarter horse|
|State Insect||Monarch butterfly|
|State Large Mammal||Longhorn|
|State Longhorn Herd||Foundation Herd of the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department|
|State Maritime Museum||Texas Maritime Museum|
|State Music||Western Swing|
|State Musical Instrument||Guitar|
|State Native Pepper||Chiltepin|
|State Native Shrub||Texas purple sage|
||Lone Star State|
|State Pastry||Sopaipilla and strudel|
|State Pie||Pecan pie|
|State Plant||Prickly pear cactus|
|State Play||"The Lone Star", "Texas", "Beyond The Sundown", "Fandangle"|
|State Pollinator||Western honey bee|
|State Precious Metal||Silver|
|State Reptile||Texas horned lizard|
|State Rodeo Drill Team||Ghostriders|
|State Salt Water Fish||Red drum|
|State Sea Turtle||Kemp's ridley sea turtle|
|State Shell||Lightning whelk|
|State Ship||U.S.S. Texas|
|State Shrub||Crape myrtle|
|State Small Mammal||Armadillo|
|State Snack||Tortilla chips and salsa|
|State Song||"Texas, Our Texas"|
|State Stone||Petrified palmwood|
|State Tall Ship||Elissa|
|State Vegetable||Sweet onion|
|State Vehicle||Chuck wagon|
|State Waterlily||Nymphaea Texas dawn|
Points of Interest
- Six Flags Over Texas: Theme park in Arlington, Texas.
- SeaWorld San Antonio: Theme park in San Antonio, Texas.
- Johnson Space Center: NASA research institute in Houston, Texas.
- Houston Zoo: Zoo in Houston, Texas.
- The Alamo: Museum in San Antonio, Texas.
- Six Flags Fiesta Texas: Theme park in San Antonio, Texas.
- Moody Gardens: Wildlife museum and aquarium in Galveston, Texas.
- San Antonio Zoo: Zoo in San Antonio, Texas.
- Dallas Zoo: Zoo in Dallas, Texas.
- Kemah Boardwalk: Amusement park in Kemah, Texas.
- Big Bend National Park: National park in southwestern Texas.
- Fort Worth Zoo: Zoo in Fort Worth, Texas.
- Natural Bridge Caverns: Caverns in San Antonio, Texas.
- Dallas World Aquarium: Aquarium in Dallas, Texas.
- Cadillac Ranch: Public art installation and sculpture in Amarillo, Texas.
- Palo Duro Canyon: Canyon system near Amarillo, Texas.
- Reunion Tower: Observation deck in Dallas, Texas.
- Houston Museum of Natural Science: Science museum in Houston, Texas.
- Klyde Warren Park: Park in downtown Dallas, Texas.
Famous People Born In Texas
Nobel Prize Winners
- Robert Woodrow Wilson (Physics, 1978)
- Bruce Merrifield (Chemistry, 1984)
- E. Donnall Thomas (Physiology or Medicine, 1990)
- Robert F. Curl Jr. (Chemistry, 1996)
United States Presidents
- Dwight D. Eisenhower (34th President)
- Lyndon B. Johnson (36th President)
Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members
- Sammy Baugh (Quarterback, Defensive Back, Punter. Inducted in 1963)
- Bulldog Turner (Center, Linebacker. Inducted in 1966)
- Bobby Layne (Quarterback, Kicker. Inducted in 1967)
- Y. A. Tittle (Quarterback. Inducted in 1971)
- Ollie Matson (Halfback. Inducted in 1972)
- Raymond Berry (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 1973)
- Tony Canadeo (Halfback. Inducted in 1974)
- Dick "Night Train" Lane (Cornerback. Inducted in 1974)
- Forrest Gregg (Offensive Tackle, Offensive Guard. Inducted in 1977)
- Lance Alworth (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 1978)
- Yale Lary (Safety, Punter, Returner. Inducted in 1979)
- Bob Lilly (Defensive Tackle. Inducted in 1980)
- Charley Taylor (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 1984)
- Ken Houston (Safety. Inducted in 1986)
- Doak Walker (Halfback, Kicker. Inducted in 1986)
- Joe Greene (Defensive Tackle. Inducted in 1987)
- Don Maynard (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 1987)
- Gene Upshaw (Guard. Inducted in 1987)
- Tom Landry (Coach. Inducted in 1990)
- Earl Campbell (Running Back. Inducted in 1991)
- Jimmy Johnson (Cornerback. Inducted in 1994)
- Mel Renfro (Cornerback, Safety. Inducted in 1996)
- Mike Haynes (Cornerback. Inducted in 1997)
- Mike Singletary (Linebacker. Inducted in 1998)
- Eric Dickerson (Running Back. Inducted in 1999)
- Thurman Thomas (Running Back. Inducted in 2007)
- Darrell Green (Cornerback. Inducted in 2008)
- Emmitt Thomas (Cornerback. Inducted in 2008)
- John Randle (Defensive Tackle. Inducted in 2010)
- Michael Strahan (Defensive End. Inducted in 2014)
- Tim Brown (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 2015)
Baseball Hall Of Fame Players
- Tris Speaker (Center Fielder. Inducted in 1937)
- Rogers Hornsby (Second Baseman. Inducted in 1942)
- Ross Youngs (Right Fielder. Inducted in 1972)
- Ernie Banks (Shortstop. Inducted in 1977)
- Eddie Mathews (Third Baseman. Inducted in 1978)
- Frank Robinson (Right Fielder. Inducted in 1982)
- Joe Morgan (Second Baseman. Inducted in 1990)
- Bill Foster (Pitcher. Inducted in 1996)
- Willie Wells (Shortstop. Inducted in 1997)
- Nolan Ryan (Pitcher. Inducted in 1999)
- Joe Williams (Pitcher. Inducted in 1999)
- Hilton Smith (Pitcher. Inducted in 2001)
- Biz Mackey (Catcher. Inducted in 2006)
- Louis Santop (Catcher. Inducted in 2006)
- Andy Cooper (Pitcher. Inducted in 2006)
- Greg Maddux (Pitcher. Inducted in 2014)
Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall Of Fame Players
- Zelmo Beaty (Center. Inducted in 2016)
- K.C. Jones (Guard. Inducted in 1989)
- Slater Martin (Guard. Inducted in 1982)
- Slater Martin (Guard. Inducted in 1982)
- Bill Sharman (Guard. Inducted in 1976)
- Sheryl Swoopes (Guard. Inducted in 2016)
Hockey Hall Of Fame Members
- Brian Leetch (Defense. Inducted in 2009)
Famous Actors And Actresses
- Joan Crawford
- Jamie Foxx
- Woody Harrelson
- Matthew McConaughey
- Sissy Spacek
- Forest Whitaker
- Robin Wright
- Erykah Badu
- Buddy Holly
- Janis Joplin
- Meat Loaf
- Johnny Mathis
- Willie Nelson
- Roy Orbison
- Kenny Rogers
- Jessica Simpson
- George Strait
- Barry White
Texas Fun Facts
- The name Texas came from the Caddo Indian word tejas, meaning "friends" or "allies."
- Texas has highest highway speed limit in the United States. A stretch of toll road between Austin and San Antonio permits drivers to go 85 miles per hour.
- Texas produces more crude oil and natural gas than any other state in the United States.
- Bracken Cave in Comal County, Texas, is the summer home to the largest colony of bats in the world. An estimated 20 million Mexican free-tailed bats roost in the cave from March to October every year.
- Dr. Pepper was invented in Waco, Texas, by Charles Alderton in 1885.
- Astrodome was first multi-purpose domed stadium in the world. It was built in Houston and opened in 1965.
- The 567.31-foot San Jacinto Monument in Harris County, Texas, is world’s tallest war memorial. The star at the top of the monument weighs 220 tons.
- The Tyler Municipal Rose Garden in Tyler, Texas, is the largest rose garden in the United States.
- Texas was an independent nation from 1836 to 1845.
- Texas is the only state with an official State Domino Game: 42.
- On December 7, 1982, the first person executed by lethal injection occurred in Texas.
This page was last updated on September 25, 2016.