Washington Facts

Washington Location In The US Washington State Map

This page contains a wealth of information on the state of Washington. Please click on the type of the fact that you are interested in:

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation WA
State Capital Olympia
State Size Total (Land + Water): 71,300 sq miles; Land Only: 66,544 sq miles
Number of Counties 39
Time Zone Pacific Time Zone
Bordering States Idaho, Oregon
Highest PointMount Rainier, 14,417 feet
National ParksMount Rainier National Park
North Cascades National Park
Olympic National Park
State Population (2015)7,170,351
State Population Density107.8 people / square mile
Area Codes 206, 253, 360, 425, 509, 564
Top 5 Cities (2010 population) Seattle (608,660)
Spokane (208,916)
Tacoma (198,397)
Vancouver (161,791)
Bellevue (122,363)

Government & Legislature

Statehood November 11, 1889
Electoral Votes12
State Flag Washington State Flag
GovernorOfficial Washington Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From Washington
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From Washington
State SenatorsList of Washington State Senators
State RepresentativesList of Washington State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionWashington State Constitution
Road ConditionsWashington Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date April 02, 2007

State Symbols

State AmphibianPacific chorus frog
State Bird Willow goldfinch
State DanceSquare dance
State Endemic MammalOlympic marmot
State FishSteelhead trout
State Flower Coast rhododendron
State Folk Song"Roll On, Columbia, Roll On"
State FossilColumbian mammoth
State FruitApple
State GemPetrified wood
State GrassBluebunch wheatgrass
State InsectGreen darner dragonfly
State Marine MammalOrca
State Motto Al-ki (By and by)
State Nickname Evergreen State
State OysterOstrea lurida
State ShipLady Washington
State Song"Washington, My Home"
State Tree Western hemlock
State VegetableWalla Walla sweet onion
State WaterfallPalouse Falls

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams MLB: Seattle Mariners
NFL: Seattle Seahawks
NCAA Division I Schools Eastern Washington University (Big Sky)
Gonzaga University (West Coast)
Seattle University (WAC)
University of Washington (Pac-12)
Washington State University (Pac-12)


State Gas Tax$0.4450 / Gallon
State Cigarette Tax$3.025 / Pack

Popular Tourist Attractions

Famous People Born In Washington

Nobel Prize Winners

  • George J. Stigler (Economic Sciences, 1982)
  • George H. Hitchings (Physiology or Medicine, 1988)
  • Robert E. Lucas Jr. (Economic Sciences, 1995)
  • Douglas D. Osheroff (Physics, 1996)
  • Linda B. Buck (Physiology or Medicine, 2004)

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Albert Glen "Turk" Edwards (Tackle. Inducted in 1969)
  • Ray Flaherty (Offensive End, Coach. Inducted in 1976)
  • Red Badgro (End. Inducted in 1981)
  • John Elway (Quarterback. Inducted in 2004)
  • Len Ford (Defensive End. Inducted in 1976)
  • Willie Wood (Safety. Inducted in 1989)
  • Jonathan Ogden (Offensive Tackle. Inducted in 2013)

Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Earl Averill (Center Fielder. Inducted in 1975)
  • Ryne Sandberg (Second Baseman. Inducted in 2005)
  • Ron Santo (Third Baseman. Inducted in 2012)

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall Of Fame Players

  • John Stockton (Guard. Inducted in 2009)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Erika Christensen
  • Bing Crosby
  • Rainn Wilson

Famous Singers

  • Kurt Cobain
  • Chris Cornell
  • Kenny G
  • Jimi Hendrix
  • Kenny Loggins
  • Layne Staley
  • Jennifer Warnes

Washington Fun Facts

  • The state of Washington was named after the first president of the United States, George Washington. It is the only state to be named after a president.
  • Washington state is the largest producer of apples in the United States.
  • Boeing’s Everett factory is the world’s largest building by volume, covering 4.3 million square feet and encompassing 472 million cubic feet of space.
  • Harbor Island, located in the mouth of Seattle’s Duwamish Waterway, is the largest man-made island in the United States.
  • The world’s largest coffeehouse chain, Starbucks, was founded in Seattle, Washington, in 1971.
  • 57 people perished in the 1980 Mount St. Helens eruption, the deadliest volcano eruption in the recorded history of the United States.
  • Washington state flag is the only U.S. state flag with a field of green as well as the only state flag with the image of an American president.
  • Seattle is home to the first revolving restaurant in the 48 contiguous United States, the SkyCity Restaurant on top of the Space Needle.
  • Washington has more glaciers than any of the other 47 contiguous states.
  • Washington is the only state with an official State Oyster: Ostrea lurida.
  • In 2012, Washington (along with Colorado) became the first to legalize marijuana (weed) for recreational use.
  • In 2007, Washington became the first state to ban texting while driving.

This page was last updated on October 20, 2016.

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