Arkansas Facts


Arkansas Location In The US Arkansas State Map

Arkansas is known for its lakes, rivers, and hot springs, extreme weather and frequent storms, rice and poultry production, its rich folk music tradition, and the only active diamond mine in the United States.

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation AR
State Capital Little Rock
State Size Total (Land + Water): 53,179 sq miles; Land Only: 52,068 sq miles
Number of Counties 75
Time Zone Central Time Zone
Bordering States Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas
Highest PointMount Magazine, 2,753 feet
Tallest Building Simmons Tower in Little Rock, 546 feet
Largest StadiumDonald W. Reynolds Razorback Stadium in Fayetteville, capacity 76,000
National ParksHot Springs National Park
State Population (2020)3,011,524
State Population Density57.8 people / square mile
Area Codes 327, 479, 501, 870
Top 5 Cities (2020 population) Little Rock (197,866)
Fayetteville (89,576)
Fort Smith (87,764)
Springdale (81,115)
Jonesboro (79,859)

Government & Legislature

Statehood June 15, 1836
Electoral Votes6
State Flag Arkansas State Flag
GovernorOfficial Arkansas Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From Arkansas
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From Arkansas
State SenatorsList of Arkansas State Senators
State RepresentativesList of Arkansas State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionArkansas State Constitution
Same-Sex Marriage Legalization DateJune 26, 2015
Road ConditionsArkansas Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date October 20, 2003

State Symbols

State American Folk DanceSquare dance
State BeverageMilk
State Bird Mockingbird
State ButterflyDiana fritillary
State Flower Apple blossom
State Fruit and VegetableSouth Arkansas vine ripe pink tomato
State GemDiamond
State GrainRice
State GrapeCynthiana
State Historic Cooking VesselDutch oven
State InsectHoneybee
State InstrumentFiddle
State MammalWhite tail deer
State Motto Regnat populus (The people rule)
State MineralQuartz crystal
State Nickname The Natural State
State NutPecan
State RockBauxite
State Tree Pine tree

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams None
NCAA Division I Schools University of Arkansas (SEC)
University of Arkansas at Little Rock (Sun Belt)
University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff (Southeastern)
Arkansas State University (Sun Belt)
University of Central Arkansas (Southland)

Popular Tourist Attractions

Festivals and Events

Top festivals and events in Arkansas. They are listed in approximate order of when they take place during the year.

Festival / Event When Location
International Greek Food Festival May Little Rock
Toad Suck Daze May Conway
Hope Watermelon Festival August Hope
Tontitown Grape Festival August Tontitown
Arkansas Hot Air Balloon State Championship September Harrison
Bikes, Blues & BBQ September Fayetteville
Arkansas State Fair October Little Rock
Hot Springs Documentary Film Festival October Hot Springs
King Biscuit Blues Festival October Helena
War Eagle Fair October Rogers
Gueydan Duck Festival November Stuttgart

Popular Iconic Arkansas Foods

Arkansas is famous for the following foods:

  • Fried Pickles
  • Chocolate Gravy
  • Possum Pie
  • Fried Catfish
  • Cheese Dip
  • The Garden Sandwich
  • Purple Cow Milkshake
  • Fried Hand Pies
  • Grapette
  • Fried Okra
  • Arkansas-style Barbecue
  • Fried Chicken
  • Razorback Ribs
  • Chocolate Roll
  • Purple Hull Peas

Famous People Born In Arkansas

United States Presidents

  • William J. Clinton (42nd President)

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Don Hutson (Offensive End, Safety, Kicker . Inducted in 1963)
  • Joe Perry (Fullback. Inducted in 1969)
  • Lamar Hunt (Team Owner, AFL Co-Founder. Inducted in 1972)
  • Bobby Mitchell (Halfback, Flanker. Inducted in 1983)
  • Cortez Kennedy (Defensive Tackle. Inducted in 2012)
  • Willie Roaf (Offensive Tackle. Inducted in 2012)
  • Cliff Harris (Safety. Inducted in 2020)

Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Dizzy Dean (Pitcher. Inducted in 1953)
  • Travis Jackson (Shortstop. Inducted in 1982)
  • George Kell (Third Baseman. Inducted in 1983)
  • Brooks Robinson (Third Baseman. Inducted in 1983)
  • Lou Brock (Left Fielder. Inducted in 1985)
  • Arky Vaughan (Shortstop. Inducted in 1985)

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Joan Crawford (Center. Inducted in 1997)
  • Scottie Pippen (Forward. Inducted in 2010)
  • Goose Tatum (Forward. Inducted in 2011)
  • Nat Clifton (Center-Forward. Inducted in 2014)
  • Sidney Moncrief (Guard. Inducted in 2019)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Mika Boorem
  • Lynda Carter
  • Emma Stone

Famous Singers

  • Johnny Cash
  • Iris DeMent
  • Levon Helm

Arkansas Fun Facts

  • The name Arkansas came from the Quapaw Indians, by way of early French explorers. The explorers met a group of Indians, known as the Ugakhpah, which means "people who live downstream.". These
  • Native Americans later were called the Quapaw, also called the Arkansaw.
  • The World's Championship Duck Calling Contest is held annually in Stuttgart.
  • It is illegal for the Arkansas River to rise above the Main Street Bridge in Little Rock. It is unclear how this law can be enforced.
  • In November, 1932, Hattie Caraway was elected senator in Arkansas. She became the first woman in the U.S. Senate.
  • Arkansas contains over 600,000 acres of lakes and 9,700 miles of streams and rivers. On July 2, 1962, Sam Walton founded opened the first Wal-Mart store in Rogers, Arkansas. 47 hot springs flow from the southwestern slope of Hot Springs Mountain. About 1,000,000 gallons of 143°F flow from the springs every day.
  • Mount Ida is known as the Quartz Crystal Capital of the World.
  • Pine Bluff is known as the world center of archery bow production.
  • Arkansas is the only state with an official State Cooking Vessel: Dutch oven.

This page was last updated on June 09, 2024.


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