Colorado Facts


Colorado Location In The US Colorado State Map

Colorado is known for:

  • Its high altitude
  • Winter skiing
  • Wildlife
  • Mining industry
  • Hot springs and spa towns
  • The majestic landscape of mountains, forests, and canyons

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation CO
State Capital Denver
State Size Total (Land + Water): 104,094 sq miles; Land Only: 103,718 sq miles
Number of Counties 63
Time Zone Mountain Time Zone
Bordering States Arizona, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Utah, Wyoming
Highest PointMount Elber, 14,440 feet
Tallest Building Republic Plaza in Denver, 714 feet
Largest StadiumEmpower Field in Denver, capacity 76,125
National ParksBlack Canyon of the Gunnison National Park
Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve
Mesa Verde National Park
Rocky Mountain National Park
State Population (2020)5,773,714
State Population Density55.7 people / square mile
Area Codes 303,719,720,970
Top 5 Cities (2020 population) Denver (735,538)
Colorado Springs (482,131)
Aurora (387,377)
Fort Collins (168,234)
Lakewood (157,429)

Government & Legislature

Statehood August 1, 1876
Electoral Votes10
State Flag Colorado State Flag
GovernorOfficial Colorado Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From Colorado
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From Colorado
State SenatorsList of Colorado State Senators
State RepresentativesList of Colorado State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionColorado State Constitution
Same-Sex Marriage Legalization DateOctober 7, 2014
Road ConditionsColorado Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date June 14, 2006

State Symbols

State AmphibianWestern tiger salamander
State AnimalRocky mountain bighorn sheep
State Bird Lark bunting
State CactusClaret cup cactus
State FishGreenback cutthroat trout
State Flower Rocky Mountain columbine
State Folk DanceSquare dance
State FossilStegosaurus
State GemstoneAquamarine
State GrassBlue grama grass
State InsectColorado hairstreak butterfly
State MineralRhodochrosite
State Motto Nil sine numine (Nothing without the Deity)
State Nickname Centennial State
State PetDogs and cats that are adopted from Colorado animal shelters and rescues
State ReptileWestern painted turtle
State RockYule marble
State SportPack burro racing
State Tree Colorado blue spruce

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams MLB: Colorado Rockies
NFL: Denver Broncos
NBA: Denver Nuggets
NHL: Colorado Avalanche
MLS: Colorado Rapids
NCAA Division I Schools University of Colorado Boulder (Pac-12)
Colorado State University (Mountain West)
University of Denver (The Summit League)
University of Northern Colorado (Big Sky)
United States Air Force Academy (Air Force) (Mountain West)

Table Tennis Clubs in Colorado

City Table Tennis Club
AuroraSky High Table Tennis Club
Colorado SpringsPike Peak Table Tennis Club
Fort CollinsTable Tennis Connections
GlendaleGlendale Sports Center
LouisvilleDenver NorthSide Table Tennis

Popular Tourist Attractions

UNESCO Heritage Sites

Festivals and Events

Top festivals and events in Colorado. They are listed in approximate order of when they take place during the year.

Festival / Event When Location
Aspen Food & Wine Classic June Aspen
Denver Chalk Art Festival June Denver
Erie Hot Air Balloon Festival/Balloon Glow June Erie
Frederick in Flight June Frederick
Telluride Bluegrass Festival June Telluride
Telluride Balloon Festival June Telluride
Colorado Renaissance Festival From June to August Larkspur
Colorado Shakespeare Festival From June to August Boulder
Colorado Dragon Boat Festival July Denver
Colorado Irish Festival July Littleton
Crested Butte Wildflower Festival July Crested Butte
Hot Air Balloon Rodeo Steamboat Springs July Steamboat Springs
Moffat County Hot Air Balloon Festival August Craig
Palisade Peach Festival August Palisade
Snowmass Balloon Festival August Snowmass Village
Colorado Springs Labor Day Lift Off September Colorado Springs
Great American Beer Festival October Denver
Arkansas Valley Balloon Festival November Rocky Ford

Popular Iconic Colorado Foods

Colorado is famous for the following foods:

  • Rocky Mountain Oyster
  • Green Chili
  • Colorado Lamb
  • Colorado Style Pizza
  • Palisade Peaches
  • Bison (Bison Burger)
  • The Slopper
  • Trout
  • Olathe Sweet Corn
  • Denver Omelette
  • Rocky Ford Cantaloupe

Famous People Born In Colorado

Nobel Prize Winners

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Dutch Clark (Quarterback. Inducted in 1963)
  • Winston Hill (Offensive Tackle. Inducted in 2020)

Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Rich Gossage (Pitcher. Inducted in 2008)
  • Roy Halladay (Pitcher. Inducted in 2019)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Tim Allen
  • AnnaSophia Robb
  • Kristen Schaal

Colorado Fun Facts

  • The word 'Colorado' means 'colored' or 'colored red' in Spanish. The Colorado state was named after the Colorado River, which Spanish explorers named 'Rio Colorado' (meaning 'colored river') for the red silt the river carried from the mountains.
  • Colorado is one of the states that form the Four Corners, the only location in the United States where four states intersect at one point. The other three states are Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah.
  • Colfax Avenue in Denver is the longest continuous street in America
  • The world's first rodeo was held on July 4th, 1869 in Deer Trail.
  • Colorado has the highest paved road in North America. The road to Mt. Evans climbs to 14,258 ft. above sea level.
  • Denver is nicknamed "The Mile High City" because its official elevation is exactly one mile (5,280 feet) above sea level.
  • The 13th step of the state capital building in Denver is exactly 1 mile high above sea level
  • Dove Creek is the pinto bean capital of the world.
  • The Pike's Peak Cog Railway in Manitou Springs is the highest railway in the United States, with a peak elevation of 14,111 feet above sea level.
  • Colorado is the only state with an official State Cactus: Claret cup cactus.
  • Royal Gorge Bridge in Caňon City, Colorado, is the highest bridge in the United States at 955 feet.
  • In 2012, Colorado (along with Washington) became the first to legalize marijuana (weed) for recreational use.
  • In Colorado, it is unlawful to mutilate a rock in a state park.

This page was last updated on June 09, 2024.


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