Idaho Facts


Idaho Location In The US Idaho State Map

Idaho is known for:

  • Potatoes
  • Gems
  • Scenic mountain landscapes
  • Miles of protected wilderness
  • Outdoor recreation areas
  • Huckleberries
  • Mining
  • Hot springs

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation ID
State Capital Boise
State Size Total (Land + Water): 83,570 sq miles; Land Only: 82,747 sq miles
Number of Counties 44
Time Zone Mountain Time Zone, Pacific Time Zone
Bordering States Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming
Highest PointBorah Peak, 12,668 feet
Tallest Building Eighth & Main in Boise, 323 feet
Largest StadiumAlbertsons Stadium in Boise, capacity 37,000
National ParksNone
State Population (2020)1,839,106
State Population Density22.2 people / square mile
Area Codes 208, 986
Top 5 Cities (2020 population) Boise (229,776)
Meridian (121,182)
Nampa (103,215)
Idaho Falls (64,142)
Caldwell (60,674)

Government & Legislature

Statehood July 3, 1890
Electoral Votes4
State Flag Idaho State Flag
GovernorOfficial Idaho Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From Idaho
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From Idaho
State SenatorsList of Idaho State Senators
State RepresentativesList of Idaho State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionIdaho State Constitution
Same-Sex Marriage Legalization DateOctober 13, 2014
Road ConditionsIdaho Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date August 03, 2007

State Symbols

State AmphibianIdaho giant salamander
State Bird Mountain bluebird
State DanceSquare dance
State FishCutthroat trout
State Flower Syringa
State FossilHagerman horse fossil
State FruitHuckleberry
State GemIdaho star garnet
State HorseAppaloosa horse
State InsectMonarch butterfly
State Motto Esto perpetua (Let it be perpetual)
State Nickname Gem State
State RaptorPeregrine falcon
State Tree Western white pine
State VegetablePotato

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams None
NCAA Division I Schools Boise State University (Mountain West)
University of Idaho (Big Sky)
Idaho State University (Big Sky)

Popular Tourist Attractions

Festivals and Events

Top festivals and events in Idaho. They are listed in approximate order of when they take place during the year.

Festival / Event When Location
McCall Winter Carnival Late January to early February McCall
Sun Valley Film Festival Late March Sun Valley
Treefort Music Fest Late March Boise
Idaho Shakespeare Festival From May to September Boise
McCall Mountain Brewfest Late June McCall
Teton Valley Balloon Rally July Driggs
National Lentil Festival Late August Pullman
Sawtooth Valley Gathering Late August Stanley
Western Idaho Fair Late August Boise
Eastern Idaho State Fair Early September Blackfoot
Spirit of Boise Balloon Classic Early September Boise

    Popular Iconic Idaho Foods

    Idaho is famous for the following foods:

    • Finger Steaks
    • Croquetas
    • Idaho Ice Cream Potato
    • Huckleberry Ice Cream
    • Morel Mushrooms
    • The Idahoan
    • Trout

    Famous People Born In Idaho

    Nobel Prize Winners

    Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

    • Larry Wilson (Safety. Inducted in 1978)

    Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

    • Harmon Killebrew (First Baseman. Inducted in 1984)

    Famous Actors And Actresses

    • Sherry Jackson
    • Aaron Paul
    • Jeremy Shada

    Idaho Fun Facts

    • Idaho is a made-up word. When Congress was considering a name for present-day Colorado, lobbyist George Willing suggested the name "Idaho," claiming it was an Indian word that means "gem of the mountains." This name was not chosen for Colorado, but two years later it was used when the Idaho Territory was created in 1863.
    • American Falls is unique from most communities because the entire town was moved in the mid-1920s when the original American Falls Dam was constructed.
    • Hell's Canyon is the deepest gorge in America at 7,993 feet.
    • Idaho is called the "Gem State" because nearly every known type of gemstone has been found in the state of Idaho. More than 72 different precious and semi-precious gemstones are mined from Idaho.
    • Idaho is the only state in the United States with an official State Raptor, peregrine falcon.
    • Soda Springs boasts the largest man-made geyser in the world.
    • Idaho is one of only two places in the world where star garnets can be found in any significant quantities (India is the other).
    • The statehouse in Boise is geothermally heated from underground hot springs.
    • On July 17, 1955, the town of Arco became the first city in the world to be lit by atomic energy.
    • Idaho's Shoshone Falls is called the "Niagara of the West." It is 212 feet high—45 feet higher than Niagara Falls.

    This page was last updated on June 09, 2024.


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