New Mexico Facts


New Mexico Location In The US New Mexico State Map

New Mexico is known for:

  • Diverse landscape
  • Birthplace of the nuclear bomb
  • Ancient Pueblo People
  • Los Alamos National Laboratory
  • The Roswell Incident
  • White sands
  • Pecans
  • Chile peppers

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation NM
State Capital Santa Fe
State Size Total (Land + Water): 121,589 sq miles; Land Only: 121,356 sq miles
Number of Counties 33
Time Zone Mountain Time Zone
Bordering States Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah
Highest PointWheeler Peak, 13,167 feet
Tallest Building Albuquerque Plaza in Albuquerque, 351 feet
Largest StadiumDreamstyle Stadium in Albuquerque, capacity 40,094
National ParksCarlsbad Caverns National Park
White Sands National Park
State Population (2020)2,117,522
State Population Density17.4 people / square mile
Area Codes 505, 575
Top 5 Cities (2020 population) Albuquerque (562,540)
Las Cruces (105,096)
Rio Rancho (99,885)
Santa Fe (84,996)
Roswell (47,596)

Government & Legislature

Statehood January 6, 1912
Electoral Votes5
State Flag New Mexico State Flag
GovernorOfficial New Mexico Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From New Mexico
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From New Mexico
State SenatorsList of New Mexico State Senators
State RepresentativesList of New Mexico State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionNew Mexico State Constitution
Same-Sex Marriage Legalization DateDecember 19, 2013
Road ConditionsNew Mexico Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date April 7, 2008

State Symbols

State AircraftHot air balloon
State AmphibianNew Mexico spadefoot toad
State AnimalNew Mexico black bear
State Bird Roadrunner
State ButterflySandia hairstreak
State CookieBizcochito
State Cowboy Song"Under the New Mexico Skies"
State FishNew Mexico cutthroat trout
State Flower Yucca
State FolkloristClaude Stephenson
State FossilCoelophysis
State GemTurquoise
State GrassBlue grama grass
State GuitarNew Mexico sunrise
State InsectTarantula hawk wasp
State MammalSmokey bear
State Motto Crescit eundo (It grows as it goes)
State NecklaceSquash blossom necklace
State Nickname Land of Enchantment
State Poem"A Nuevo Mexico"
State Question"Red or green?"
State ReptileNew Mexico whiptail lizard
State TieBolo tie
State TrainCumbres & Toltec Railroad
State Tree Pinon pine
State VegetableChile and frijoles

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams None
NCAA Division I Schools University of New Mexico (Mountain West)
New Mexico State University (Conference USA)

Table Tennis Clubs in New Mexico

City Table Tennis Club
Los AlamosLos Alamos Table Tennis Club
Santa FeSanta Fe Table Tennis Club

Popular Tourist Attractions

UNESCO Heritage Sites

Festivals and Events

Top festivals and events in New Mexico. They are listed in approximate order of when they take place during the year.

Festival / Event When Location
Gathering of Nations Powwow April Albuquerque
Silver City Blues Festival May Silver City
Albuquerque International Flamenco Festival June Albuquerque
Roswell UFO Festival Late June to early July Roswell
Santa Fe Opera Festival Season Late June to August Santa Fe
International Folk Art Market July Santa Fe
Elephant Butte Balloon Regatta August Elephant Butte
Santa Fe Indian Market August Santa Fe
Hatch Chile Festival September Hatch
Santa Fe Wine & Chile Fiesta Late September to early October Snata Fe
Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta October Albuquerque
Red Rock Balloon Rally December Gallup

Popular Iconic New Mexico Foods

New Mexico is famous for the following foods:

  • Carne Adovada
  • Posole
  • Biscochito
  • Enchiladas
  • Chiles Rellenos (green chiles stuffed with cheese, then deep fried)
  • Green Chile Stew
  • Sopaipillas
  • Tamales
  • Huevos Rancheros
  • Blue Corn Pancakes
  • Pinon Coffee
  • Green Chile Cheeseburger
  • Navajo Tacos

Famous People Born In New Mexico

Nobel Prize Winners

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Tommy McDonald (Wide Receiver. Inducted in 1998)
  • Ronnie Lott (Cornerback, Safety. Inducted in 2000)

Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Ralph Kiner (Left Fielder. Inducted in 1975)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Anna Gunn
  • Neil Patrick Harris
  • Demi Moore

Famous Singers

  • John Denver
  • Al Hurricane
  • Demi Lovato

New Mexico Fun Facts

  • New Mexico was named by the Spanish for lands north of the Rio Grande (Nuevo Mexico). The word Mexico is named after Mexitli, an Aztec war god. Mexico means 'place where Mexitli lives."
  • At 7,198 feet above sea level, Santa Fe is the highest capital city in the United States.
  • New Mexico has the largest Hispanic population of all the states. As of 2010, about 46.3% of the state's population are Hispanics.
  • Micro-Soft was founded on April 4, 1975 by Bill Gates and Paul Allen in Albuquerque, New Mexico. The company moved to Bellevue, Washington, in 1979 since it was hard to recruit top programmers to Albuquerque.
  • The nine-day Albuquerque International Balloon Fiesta held each October is the largest balloon convention in the world.
  • New Mexico's the only state with an official question: "Red or green?"
  • Founded in 1610, Santa Fe, New Mexico is the oldest capital city in the United States.
  • The world's first detonation of a nuclear weapon took place on July 16, 1945, in the Jornada del Muerto desert about 35 miles southeast of Socorro, New Mexico.
  • New Mexico is one of the states that form the Four Corners, the only location in the United States where four states intersect at one point. The other three states are Arizona, Colorado, and Utah.
  • New Mexico is the only state in the United States where lawmakers don't receive salaries. New Mexico's lawmakers do enjoy a generous pension plan.

This page was last updated on June 10, 2024.


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