North Carolina Facts


North Carolina Location In The US North Carolina State Map

North Carolina is known for:

  • First flight by Wright Brothers
  • College basketball
  • Biltmore Estate - The largest private residence in the United States
  • Beaches
  • Tobacco production

Geography & Demographics

State Abbreviation NC
State Capital Raleigh
State Size Total (Land + Water): 53,819 sq miles; Land Only: 48,711 sq miles
Number of Counties 100
Time Zone Eastern Time Zone
Bordering States Georgia, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia
Highest PointMount Mitchell, 6,684 feet
Tallest Building Bank of America Corporate Center in Charlotte, 871 feet
Largest StadiumBank of America Stadium in Charlotte, capacity 75,419
National ParksGreat Smoky Mountains National Park
State Population (2020)10,439,388
State Population Density214.3 people / square mile
Area Codes 252, 336, 704, 743, 828, 910, 919, 980, 984
Top 5 Cities (2020 population) Charlotte (900,350)
Raleigh (474,414)
Greensboro (297,878)
Durham (285,897)
Winston-Salem (248,112)

Government & Legislature

Statehood November 21, 1789
Electoral Votes16
State Flag North Carolina State Flag
GovernorOfficial North Carolina Governor Website
U. S. SenatorsList of U. S. Senators From North Carolina
U. S. RepresentativesList of U. S. Representatives From North Carolina
State SenatorsList of North Carolina State Senators
State RepresentativesList of North Carolina State Representatives
State GovernmentOfficial Site
State ConstitutionNorth Carolina State Constitution
Same-Sex Marriage Legalization DateOctober 10, 2014
Road ConditionsNorth Carolina Road Conditions
State Quarter Issue Date March 12, 2001

State Symbols

State BerryBlueberry and strawberry
State Bird Cardinal
State BeverageMilk
State BoatShad Boat
State ButterflyEastern tiger swallowtail
State Carnivorous PlantVenus flytrap
State Christmas TreeFraser fir
State ColorsRed and blue
State DogPlott hound
State FishChannel bass
State Flower Dogwood
State Folk DanceClogging
State Freshwater TroutSouthern Appalachian brook trout
State FrogPine barrens treefrog
State FruitGrape
State HorseColonial Spanish mustang
State InsectHoneybee
State MammalGray squirrel
State MarsupialVirginia opossom
State MineralGold
State Motto Esse quam videri (To be, rather than to seem)
State Nickname Tar Heel State
State Popular DanceShag
State Pottery BirthplaceSeagrove area
State ReptileEastern box turtle
State RockGranite
State SalamanderMarbled salamander
State ShellScotch bonnet
State Song"The Old North State"
State StoneEmerald
State Tree Pine
State ToastThe Tar Heel toast
State VegetableSweet potato
State WildflowerCarolina lily

Sports Teams

Major Sports Teams NFL: Carolina Panthers
NBA: Charlotte Hornets
NHL: Carolina Hurricanes
NCAA Division I Schools Appalachian State University (Sun Belt)
Campbell University (Big South)
Davidson College (Atlantic 10)
Duke University (ACC)
East Carolina University (American Athletic)
Elon University (Colonial Athletic Association)
Gardner-Webb University (Big South)
High Point University (Big South)
North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University (Mid-Eastern Athletic)
University of North Carolina at Asheville (Big South)
North Carolina Central University (Mid-Eastern Athletic)
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (ACC)
University of North Carolina at Charlotte (American)
University of North Carolina at Greensboro (Southern)
North Carolina State University (ACC)
University of North Carolina at Wilmington (Colonial Athletic Association)
Wake Forest University (ACC)
Western Carolina University (Southern)

Table Tennis Clubs in North Carolina

City Table Tennis Club
ApexCarolina International Table Tennis Academy
CaryImpact Table Tennis
CaryNC International Table Tennis
CharlotteCharlotte Table Tennis Club
FayettevilleCape Fear Table Tennis Club
MorrisvilleTriangle Badminton and Table Tennis

Popular Tourist Attractions

UNESCO Heritage Sites

Festivals and Events

Top festivals and events in North Carolina. They are listed in approximate order of when they take place during the year.

Festival / Event When Location
Azalea Festival April Wilmington
MerleFest April Wilkesboro
Artsplosure - The Raleigh Arts Festival May Raleigh
First Fruits Farm Memorial Balloon Festival May Louisburg
North Carolina Apple Festival Labor Day Weekend in September Hendersonville
Alcovets Balloon Festival September Burlington
Festival in the Park September Charlotte
Carolina Renaissance Festival Late September to November Huntersville
Carolina BalloonFest October Troutman
North Carolina Seafood Festival October Morehead City
North Carolina State Fair October Raleigh
North Carolina Wine Festival October Cary

Popular Iconic North Carolina Foods

North Carolina is famous for the following foods:

  • Barbecue
  • Fried Green Tomatoes
  • Krispy Kreme Cheerwine Doughnut
  • Cookout
  • Shrimp N' Grits
  • Bojangles
  • Calabash Seafood
  • Cheerwine
  • Texas Pete
  • Biscuits and Gravy
  • Sweet Potato Pie

Famous People Born In North Carolina

Nobel Prize Winners

United States Presidents

  • James K. Polk (11th President)
  • Andrew Johnson (17th President)

Pro Football Hall Of Fame Members

  • Bobby Bell (Linebacker, Defensive End. Inducted in 1983)
  • Sonny Jurgensen (Quarterback. Inducted in 1983)
  • Joe Gibbs (Coach. Inducted in 1996)
  • Dwight Stephenson (Center. Inducted in 1998)
  • Carl Eller (Defensive End. Inducted in 2004)
  • Bruce Matthews (Offensive Tackle. Inducted in 2007)
  • Charlie Sanders (Tight End. Inducted in 2007)
  • Chris Hanburger (Linebacker. Inducted in 2011)

Baseball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Luke Appling (Shortstop. Inducted in 1964)
  • Buck Leonard (First Baseman. Inducted in 1972)
  • Rick Ferrell (Catcher. Inducted in 1984)
  • Hoyt Wilhelm (Pitcher. Inducted in 1985)
  • Enos Slaughter (Right Fielder. Inducted in 1985)
  • Catfish Hunter (Pitcher. Inducted in 1987)
  • Gaylord Perry (Pitcher. Inducted in 1991)

Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall Of Fame Players

  • Sam Jones (Guard. Inducted in 1984)
  • Walt Bellamy (Center. Inducted in 1993)
  • David Thompson (Guard-Forward. Inducted in 1996)
  • Bob McAdoo (Center-Forward. Inducted in 2000)
  • James Worthy (Forward. Inducted in 2003)
  • Bobby Jones (Forward. Inducted in 2019)
  • Lou Hudson (Guard-Forward. Inducted in 2022)

Famous Actors And Actresses

  • Andy Griffith
  • Julianne Moore
  • Mary Elizabeth Winstead

Famous Singers

  • Tori Amos
  • Alicia Bridges
  • Nina Simone
  • Randy Travis

North Carolina Fun Facts

  • The Carolina colony was established by British and it was split in 1729 into North and South Carolina as it was deemed too big to govern effectively. Carolina is named after King Charles I of England. Carolus is Latin for Charles.
  • The Wright brothers completed the first successful flight of a mechanically propelled airplane at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina on December 17, 1903.
  • Pepsi was developed in 1893 by Caleb Bradham and introduced as "Brad's Drink" in New Bern, North Carolina. It was renamed Pepsi in 1898, named after the digestive enzyme pepsin and kola nuts used in the recipe.
  • The Cape Hatteras Lighthouse in Buxton, North Carolina, is the tallest lighthouse in the United States at 193 feet.
  • North Carolina is the largest producer of sweet potatoes in the United States.
  • The first English child born in America, Virginia Dare, was born in Roanoke Island, North Carolina, in 1587.
  • High Point is known as the Furniture Capital of the World.
  • Krispy Kreme Doughnut was founded in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, on July 13, 1937.
  • North Carolina is the only state with an official State Christmas Tree: Fraser fir.

This page was last updated on July 10, 2023.


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